Psychological effects of organophosphate pesticides: A review and call for research by psychologists

Psychological effects of organophosphate pesticides: A review and call for research by psychologists Organophosphates are among the most commonly used and most toxic pesticides. They act directly on the nervous system by inhibiting the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Organophosphates evoke a consistent pattern of physical symptoms. They also have acute psychological and behavioral effects, such as anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairments. Research suggests that moderate levels of acute poisoning may cause persistent problems. Long‐term psychological effects of low‐level exposure, however, have not been determined satisfactorily. Some research has documented cognitive and emotional deficits due to chronic exposure to organophosphates, but not all studies have found ill effects. To date, psychologists, but not all studies have found ill effects. To date, psychologists have played only a small role in studying the psychological effects of organophosphates, despite the substantial contribution their expertise could make. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Clinical Psychology Wiley

Psychological effects of organophosphate pesticides: A review and call for research by psychologists

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1994 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0021-9762
eISSN
1097-4679
DOI
10.1002/1097-4679(199403)50:2<286::AID-JCLP2270500223>3.0.CO;2-P
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Organophosphates are among the most commonly used and most toxic pesticides. They act directly on the nervous system by inhibiting the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Organophosphates evoke a consistent pattern of physical symptoms. They also have acute psychological and behavioral effects, such as anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairments. Research suggests that moderate levels of acute poisoning may cause persistent problems. Long‐term psychological effects of low‐level exposure, however, have not been determined satisfactorily. Some research has documented cognitive and emotional deficits due to chronic exposure to organophosphates, but not all studies have found ill effects. To date, psychologists, but not all studies have found ill effects. To date, psychologists have played only a small role in studying the psychological effects of organophosphates, despite the substantial contribution their expertise could make.

Journal

Journal of Clinical PsychologyWiley

Published: Mar 1, 1994

References

  • Clinical confirmation of organophosphate poisoning of agricultural workers
    Coye, Coye; Barnett, Barnett; Midtling, Midtling; Velasco, Velasco; Romero, Romero; Clements, Clements; O'Malley, O'Malley; Tobin, Tobin; Lowry, Lowry
  • Neurotoxic concerns of human pesticide exposures
    Davies, Davies
  • Delayed health hazards of pesticide exposure
    Sharp, Sharp; Eskenazi, Eskenazi; Harrison, Harrison; Callas, Callas; Smith, Smith
  • Health effects of pesticides: A review of epidemiological research from the perspective of developing nations
    Xue, Xue

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