Propagule pressure and land cover changes as main drivers of red and roe deer expansion in mainland Portugal

Propagule pressure and land cover changes as main drivers of red and roe deer expansion in... INTRODUCTIONWild ungulates of the Palearctic realm are experiencing an ongoing increase in their geographical distribution. Particularly, the members of the Cervidae family, such as the red deer (Cervus elaphus) and the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), are increasingly ubiquitous and abundant in most European countries (Apollonio, Andersen, & Putman, ). Various factors have been involved in the demographic burgeoning of these species, such as socioeconomic changes (e.g., rural exodus and abandonment of traditional agricultural practices), re‐naturalization of the habitats, reintroduction programs for both conservation and hunting purposes, the ongoing decrease in the number of hunters and the common practice of supplemental feeding, especially in hunting managed areas (e.g., Acevedo et al., ; Milner, Van Beest, Schmidt, Brook, & Storaas, ; Putman, Apollonio, & Andersen, ; Valente, Valente, Fonseca, & Torres, ). The decline in number and distribution of large terrestrial carnivores due to human persecution is also frequently referred as an important cause for the rise of wild ungulate populations (Jędrzejewski, Apollonio, Jędrzejewska, & Kojola, ). Although the human hunting of wild ungulates could control the population size (see Quirós‐Fernández, Marcos, Acevedo, & Gortázar, ), this activity is not able to reproduce the indirect effects of natural predation on population dynamics http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Diversity and Distributions Wiley

Propagule pressure and land cover changes as main drivers of red and roe deer expansion in mainland Portugal

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
1366-9516
eISSN
1472-4642
D.O.I.
10.1111/ddi.12703
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

INTRODUCTIONWild ungulates of the Palearctic realm are experiencing an ongoing increase in their geographical distribution. Particularly, the members of the Cervidae family, such as the red deer (Cervus elaphus) and the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), are increasingly ubiquitous and abundant in most European countries (Apollonio, Andersen, & Putman, ). Various factors have been involved in the demographic burgeoning of these species, such as socioeconomic changes (e.g., rural exodus and abandonment of traditional agricultural practices), re‐naturalization of the habitats, reintroduction programs for both conservation and hunting purposes, the ongoing decrease in the number of hunters and the common practice of supplemental feeding, especially in hunting managed areas (e.g., Acevedo et al., ; Milner, Van Beest, Schmidt, Brook, & Storaas, ; Putman, Apollonio, & Andersen, ; Valente, Valente, Fonseca, & Torres, ). The decline in number and distribution of large terrestrial carnivores due to human persecution is also frequently referred as an important cause for the rise of wild ungulate populations (Jędrzejewski, Apollonio, Jędrzejewska, & Kojola, ). Although the human hunting of wild ungulates could control the population size (see Quirós‐Fernández, Marcos, Acevedo, & Gortázar, ), this activity is not able to reproduce the indirect effects of natural predation on population dynamics

Journal

Diversity and DistributionsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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