Profiles of needs satisfaction and thwarting in older people living at home: Relationships with well‐being and ill‐being indicators

Profiles of needs satisfaction and thwarting in older people living at home: Relationships with... IntroductionThe present study focuses on Basic Psychological Needs Theory, a subtheory within Self‐Determination Theory (SDT), which proposes the existence of three innate and universal basic psychological needs, and underlines that their satisfaction is essential for people's well‐being. The need for autonomy reflects the need for individuals to feel volitional, free and responsible for their own acts, the need for competence is defined as the extent to which individuals interact effectively with their environment, and the need for relatedness regards the degree to which individuals feel a secure sense of belongingness and connectedness to others.Previous research carried out in different domains (e.g. sport, education, work and healthcare) and across cultures has established a clear link between basic psychological need satisfaction (BPNS) and well‐being. In older people, few studies have focused on this issue. Some of them have nevertheless shown that BPNS was positively associated with well‐being indicators (e.g. purpose in life, personal growth) in older people living in residential homes or in nursing homes, and showed that low scores on BPNS was associated with depressive feelings and apathy in hospitalized older people or with lowered well‐being in nursing homes.Ryan and Deci have shown that, “SDT has historically dealt not only http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Geriatrics & Gerontology International Wiley

Profiles of needs satisfaction and thwarting in older people living at home: Relationships with well‐being and ill‐being indicators

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 Japan Geriatrics Society
ISSN
1444-1586
eISSN
1447-0594
D.O.I.
10.1111/ggi.13205
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionThe present study focuses on Basic Psychological Needs Theory, a subtheory within Self‐Determination Theory (SDT), which proposes the existence of three innate and universal basic psychological needs, and underlines that their satisfaction is essential for people's well‐being. The need for autonomy reflects the need for individuals to feel volitional, free and responsible for their own acts, the need for competence is defined as the extent to which individuals interact effectively with their environment, and the need for relatedness regards the degree to which individuals feel a secure sense of belongingness and connectedness to others.Previous research carried out in different domains (e.g. sport, education, work and healthcare) and across cultures has established a clear link between basic psychological need satisfaction (BPNS) and well‐being. In older people, few studies have focused on this issue. Some of them have nevertheless shown that BPNS was positively associated with well‐being indicators (e.g. purpose in life, personal growth) in older people living in residential homes or in nursing homes, and showed that low scores on BPNS was associated with depressive feelings and apathy in hospitalized older people or with lowered well‐being in nursing homes.Ryan and Deci have shown that, “SDT has historically dealt not only

Journal

Geriatrics & Gerontology InternationalWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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