Preferable in vitro condition for maintaining faithful DNA methylation imprinting in mouse embryonic stem cells

Preferable in vitro condition for maintaining faithful DNA methylation imprinting in mouse... Epigenetic properties of cultured embryonic stem cells (ESCs), including DNA methylation imprinting, are important because they affect the developmental potential. Here, we tested a variety of culture media, including knockout serum replacement (KSR) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) with or without inhibitors of Gsk3β and Mek1/2 (2i) at various time points. In addition to the previously known passage‐dependent global changes, unexpected dynamic DNA methylation changes occurred in both maternal and paternal differentially methylated regions: under the widely used condition of KSR with 2i, a highly hypomethylated state occurred at early passages (P1–7) as well as P10, but DNA methylation increased over further passages in most conditions, except under KSR with 2i at P25. Dramatic DNA demethylation under KSR+2i until P25 was associated with upregulated Tet1 and Parp1, and their related genes, whereas 2i regulated the expressions of DNA methyltransferase‐related genes for the change in DNA methylation during the cumulative number of passages. Although DNA methylation imprinting is more labile under KSR with and without 2i, it can be more faithfully maintained under condition of cooperative FBS and 2i. Thus, our study will provide the useful information for improved epigenetic control of ESCs and iPSCs in applications in regenerative medicine. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Genes to Cells Wiley

Preferable in vitro condition for maintaining faithful DNA methylation imprinting in mouse embryonic stem cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/preferable-in-vitro-condition-for-maintaining-faithful-dna-methylation-rPy0gNROzW
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Molecular Biology Society of Japan and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd
ISSN
1356-9597
eISSN
1365-2443
D.O.I.
10.1111/gtc.12560
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Epigenetic properties of cultured embryonic stem cells (ESCs), including DNA methylation imprinting, are important because they affect the developmental potential. Here, we tested a variety of culture media, including knockout serum replacement (KSR) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) with or without inhibitors of Gsk3β and Mek1/2 (2i) at various time points. In addition to the previously known passage‐dependent global changes, unexpected dynamic DNA methylation changes occurred in both maternal and paternal differentially methylated regions: under the widely used condition of KSR with 2i, a highly hypomethylated state occurred at early passages (P1–7) as well as P10, but DNA methylation increased over further passages in most conditions, except under KSR with 2i at P25. Dramatic DNA demethylation under KSR+2i until P25 was associated with upregulated Tet1 and Parp1, and their related genes, whereas 2i regulated the expressions of DNA methyltransferase‐related genes for the change in DNA methylation during the cumulative number of passages. Although DNA methylation imprinting is more labile under KSR with and without 2i, it can be more faithfully maintained under condition of cooperative FBS and 2i. Thus, our study will provide the useful information for improved epigenetic control of ESCs and iPSCs in applications in regenerative medicine.

Journal

Genes to CellsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off