INTRODUCTIONHepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a common cause of chronic liver infection, affecting 170 million individuals worldwide. HCV genotype 2, one of six HCV genotypes, is the third most common genotype in the world and is the cause of 30% of chronic HCV hepatitis in Japan. Chronic HCV infection is a major cause of end‐stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Sustained virological response assessed at 12 weeks posttreatment (SVR12) is associated with a lower rate of morbidity and mortality.Twenty‐four weeks treatment of patients with HCV genotype 2 infection with peg‐interferon (Peg‐IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) has historically yielded favorable SVR rates. However, the clinical application of Peg‐IFN‐based treatment is limited due to poor tolerability, especially in patients with liver cirrhosis. The introduction of the highly efficient direct‐acting antiviral (DAA) drug combination, together with minor side effects and oral use has facilitated the treatment of chronic HCV hepatitis. In 2015, sofosbuvir (SOF), a nucleotide NS5B polymerase inhibitor, with good resistance profile, was approved in Japan for the treatment of patients with HCV genotype 2 hepatitis. However, no report have evaluated predictors of DAA‐treatment efficacy or treatment‐related changes in predictors of early hepatocarcinogenesis, such as α‐fetoprotein (AFP) and liver stiffness
Journal of Medical Virology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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