Prediction CFA as a Search for Types: History and Specifications

Prediction CFA as a Search for Types: History and Specifications Petra Netter, University of Giessen, FRG Commentary on “Configural Frequency Analysis in Applied Psychological Research” by Alexander von Eye, Christiane Spiel, and Phillip K. Wood Von Eye, Spiel, and Wood describe the technique of CFA as a statistical procedure to identify types represented by configurations of characteristics exceeding chance expectancies and antitypes represented less frequently than expected by chance. This approach serves the identification and description of types in their “classical” and recently improved versions. It will be outlined here how classical uniprediction CFA can be improved by the bipredictive approach coinitiated by this author (Lienert & Netter, 1987). 1. CFA AND TYPOLOGY IN PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY Several approaches in the history of personality psychology have been made to classifying and analysing typologies (Ekman, 1951;Gangestadt & Snyder, 1985). Most typologies were based on intuitive ratings and global impressions. Yet, when analysing the very process of concept formation in historical typologies, one may identify three different methodological ways of defining types which may be illustrated by simulated data in Table 1. TABLE 1 Simulated Configurations of Ratings (1-7) in a Three-dimensional System Illustrating Three Different Typological Approaches in Psychology Subject A B Variable !I Ill ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ E F http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Psychology Wiley

Prediction CFA as a Search for Types: History and Specifications

Applied Psychology, Volume 45 (4) – Oct 1, 1996

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0269-994X
eISSN
1464-0597
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.1464-0597.1996.tb00775.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Petra Netter, University of Giessen, FRG Commentary on “Configural Frequency Analysis in Applied Psychological Research” by Alexander von Eye, Christiane Spiel, and Phillip K. Wood Von Eye, Spiel, and Wood describe the technique of CFA as a statistical procedure to identify types represented by configurations of characteristics exceeding chance expectancies and antitypes represented less frequently than expected by chance. This approach serves the identification and description of types in their “classical” and recently improved versions. It will be outlined here how classical uniprediction CFA can be improved by the bipredictive approach coinitiated by this author (Lienert & Netter, 1987). 1. CFA AND TYPOLOGY IN PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY Several approaches in the history of personality psychology have been made to classifying and analysing typologies (Ekman, 1951;Gangestadt & Snyder, 1985). Most typologies were based on intuitive ratings and global impressions. Yet, when analysing the very process of concept formation in historical typologies, one may identify three different methodological ways of defining types which may be illustrated by simulated data in Table 1. TABLE 1 Simulated Configurations of Ratings (1-7) in a Three-dimensional System Illustrating Three Different Typological Approaches in Psychology Subject A B Variable !I Ill ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ E F

Journal

Applied PsychologyWiley

Published: Oct 1, 1996

References

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