Postoperative outcomes following cardiac surgery in non‐anaemic iron‐replete and iron‐deficient patients – an exploratory study

Postoperative outcomes following cardiac surgery in non‐anaemic iron‐replete and... Iron deficiency anaemia is strongly associated with poor outcomes after cardiac surgery. However, pre‐operative non‐anaemic iron deficiency (a probable anaemia precursor) has not been comprehensively examined in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, despite biological plausibility and evidence from other patient populations of negative effect on outcome. This exploratory retrospective cohort study aimed to compare an iron‐deficient group of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with an iron‐replete group. Consecutive non‐anaemic patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting or single valve replacement in our institution between January 2013 and December 2015 were considered for inclusion. Data from a total of 277 patients were analysed, and were categorised by iron status and blood haemoglobin concentration into iron‐deficient (n = 109) and iron‐replete (n = 168) groups. Compared with the iron‐replete group, patients in the iron‐deficient group were more likely to be female (43% vs. 12%, iron‐replete, respectively); older, mean (SD) age 64.4 (9.7) vs. 63.2 (10.3) years; and to have a higher pre‐operative EuroSCORE (median IQR [range]) 3 (2–5 [0–10]) vs. 3 (2–4 [0–9]), with a lower preoperative haemoglobin of 141.6 (11.6) vs. 148.3 (11.7) g.l−1. Univariate analysis suggested that iron‐deficient patients had a longer hospital length of stay (7 (6–9 [2–40]) vs. 7 (5–8 [4–23]) days; p = 0.013) and fewer days alive and out of hospital at postoperative day 90 (83 (80–84 [0–87]) vs. 83 (81–85 [34–86]), p = 0.009). There was no evidence of an association between iron deficiency and either lower nadir haemoglobin or higher requirement for blood products during inpatient stay. After adjusting the model for pre‐operative age, sex, renal function, EuroSCORE and haemoglobin, the mean increase in hospital length of stay in the iron‐deficient group relative to the iron‐replete group was 0.86 days (bootstrapped 95%CI −0.37 to 2.22, p = 0.098). This exploratory study suggests there is weak evidence of an association between non‐anaemic iron deficiency and outcome after cardiac surgery after controlling for potentially confounding variables. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Anaesthesia Wiley

Postoperative outcomes following cardiac surgery in non‐anaemic iron‐replete and iron‐deficient patients – an exploratory study

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/postoperative-outcomes-following-cardiac-surgery-in-non-anaemic-iron-rPDfyXerqF
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland
ISSN
0003-2409
eISSN
1365-2044
D.O.I.
10.1111/anae.14115
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Iron deficiency anaemia is strongly associated with poor outcomes after cardiac surgery. However, pre‐operative non‐anaemic iron deficiency (a probable anaemia precursor) has not been comprehensively examined in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, despite biological plausibility and evidence from other patient populations of negative effect on outcome. This exploratory retrospective cohort study aimed to compare an iron‐deficient group of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with an iron‐replete group. Consecutive non‐anaemic patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting or single valve replacement in our institution between January 2013 and December 2015 were considered for inclusion. Data from a total of 277 patients were analysed, and were categorised by iron status and blood haemoglobin concentration into iron‐deficient (n = 109) and iron‐replete (n = 168) groups. Compared with the iron‐replete group, patients in the iron‐deficient group were more likely to be female (43% vs. 12%, iron‐replete, respectively); older, mean (SD) age 64.4 (9.7) vs. 63.2 (10.3) years; and to have a higher pre‐operative EuroSCORE (median IQR [range]) 3 (2–5 [0–10]) vs. 3 (2–4 [0–9]), with a lower preoperative haemoglobin of 141.6 (11.6) vs. 148.3 (11.7) g.l−1. Univariate analysis suggested that iron‐deficient patients had a longer hospital length of stay (7 (6–9 [2–40]) vs. 7 (5–8 [4–23]) days; p = 0.013) and fewer days alive and out of hospital at postoperative day 90 (83 (80–84 [0–87]) vs. 83 (81–85 [34–86]), p = 0.009). There was no evidence of an association between iron deficiency and either lower nadir haemoglobin or higher requirement for blood products during inpatient stay. After adjusting the model for pre‐operative age, sex, renal function, EuroSCORE and haemoglobin, the mean increase in hospital length of stay in the iron‐deficient group relative to the iron‐replete group was 0.86 days (bootstrapped 95%CI −0.37 to 2.22, p = 0.098). This exploratory study suggests there is weak evidence of an association between non‐anaemic iron deficiency and outcome after cardiac surgery after controlling for potentially confounding variables.

Journal

AnaesthesiaWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off