Abstract : A standardized compression injury of rat spinal cord brought about a time‐dependent biphasic production of thromboxane A2 (detected as thromboxane B2) and prostaglandin I2 (detected as 6‐ketoprostaglandin F1α. Thromboxane B2 was predominant during the first 1 h, whereas the 6‐ketoprostaglandin F1α level exceeded that of thromboxane B2 at 8 h postinjury. As examined by inhibitor experiments and northern blotting, cyclooxygenase‐1 was responsible for the first phase, and cyclooxygenase‐2 was involved in the second phase. On compression injury the levels of interleukin‐1α and ‐1β detected as mRNA and protein increased and peaked at 2‐4 h. Injection of exogenous interleukin‐1 α into the spinal cord resulted in an increase of cyclooxygenase‐2 mRNA content and a predominant production of 6‐ketoprostaglandin F1α resembling the second phase of eicosanoid production. Concomitantly, extravascular migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes was enhanced after the interleukin‐1α injection. These cells together with vascular endothelial cells and glial cells were stained positively with an anti‐cyclooxygenase‐2 antibody. The results suggest that the immediate eicosanoid synthesis after spinal cord injury was due to the constitutive cyclooxygenase‐1 and the delayed synthesis of eicosanoids was attributable to the induction of cyclooxygenase‐2 mediated by interleukin‐1 α.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 1999
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera