Histone acetyltransferases and deacetylases maintain dynamics of lysine acetylation/deacetylation on histones and nonhistone substrates involved in gene regulation and cellular events. Hos2 is a Class I histone deacetylases that deacetylates unique histone H4‐K16 site in yeasts. Here, we report that orthologous Hos2 deacetylates H4‐K16 and is also involved in the acetylation of histone H3‐K56 and the phosphorylation of histone H2A‐S129 and cyclin‐dependent kinase 1 CDK1‐Y15 in Beauveria bassiana, a filamentous fungal insect pathogen. These site‐specific modifications are evidenced with hyperacetylated H4‐K16, hypoacetylated H3‐K56, and both hypophosphorylated H2A‐S129 and CDK1‐Y15 in absence of hos2. Consequently, the Δhos2 mutant suffered increased sensitivities to DNA‐damaging and oxidative stresses, disturbed cell cycle, impeded cytokinesis, increased cell size or length, reduced conidiation capacity, altered conidial properties, and attenuated virulence. These phenotypic changes correlated well with dramatic repression of many genes that are essential for DNA damage repair, G1/S transition and DNA synthesis, hyphal septation, and asexual development. The uncovered ability for Hos2 to directly deacetylate H4‐K16 and to indirectly modify H3‐K56, H2A‐S129, and CDK1‐Y15 provides novel insight into more subtle regulatory role for Hos2 in genomic stability and diverse cellular events in the fungal insect pathogen than those revealed previously in nonentomophathogenic fungi.
Cellular Microbiology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ;
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