BACKGROUND: Human parvovirus B19 (B19) DNA can be frequently detected in plasma‐derived coagulation factor concentrates. The production of some clotting factor products includes heat treatment steps for virus inactivation, but the effectiveness of such steps for B19 inactivation is unclear. Moreover, detailed transmission case reports including DNA sequence analysis and quantification of B19 DNA from contaminated heat‐treated blood components have not been provided so far. Therefore, the correlation between B19 DNA in blood components and infectivity remains unclear. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Asymptomatic B19 infections of two patients with hemophilia A were detected by anti‐B19 seroconversion after administration of B19‐contaminated heat‐treated clotting factors. The suitability of nucleic acid sequence analysis for confirmation of B19 transmission was investigated. Furthermore, the B19 DNA level in blood components was determined and the drug administration was reviewed to calculate the amount of inoculated B19 DNA. RESULTS: Both B19 transmissions from clotting factor products could be confirmed by identical nucleic acid sequences of virus DNA from patients and blood components while sequences from unrelated controls could be differentiated. One patient received, for 4 days, a total of 180 mL vapor heat‐treated prothrombin complex concentrate containing 8.6 × 106 genome equivalents per mL of B19 DNA. The other patient received 966 mL of low‐contamination (4.0 × 103 genome equivalents/mL) dry heat‐treated FVIII concentrate over a period of 52 days. CONCLUSION: B19 transmissions can be confirmed by nucleic acid sequencing. However, due to the low variability of the B19 genome, a large part of the B19 genome must be analyzed. The transmissions show that the applied heat treatment procedures were not sufficient to inactivate B19 completely.
Transfusion – Wiley
Published: Nov 1, 2002
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