Oxygen Evolution Activity of Co–Ni Nanochain Alloys: Promotion by Electron Injection

Oxygen Evolution Activity of Co–Ni Nanochain Alloys: Promotion by Electron Injection Metal alloy nanoparticles have shown promising applications in electrocatalysis. However, the nanoparticles usually suffer from limited charge‐transfer efficiency, which can be solved by preparing one‐dimensional materials. Herein, Co–Ni alloy nanochains are prepared by a direct‐current arc‐discharge method. The nanochains, comprised of mutually coupled uniform nanospheres, can range up to several micrometers in size. When the alloy is exposed to air or under the electro‐oxidation process, a metal–metal‐oxide heterostructure is obtained. The alloy can inject electrons into the oxide, which makes it more suitable for electrocatalysis. The composition of the samples can be changed by varying the ratio of Ni/Co (i.e., Co, Co7Ni3, Co5Ni5, Co3Ni7, Ni) in the synthesis process. The nanochains show good oxygen evolution performance that correlates with the Ni/Co ratio. Co7Ni3 demonstrates optimal activity with an onset point of 1.50 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) and overpotential of 350 mV at 10 mA cm−2. The alloy nanochains also show excellent durability with 95.0 % current retention after a long‐term test for 12 h. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Chemistry - A European Journal Wiley

Oxygen Evolution Activity of Co–Ni Nanochain Alloys: Promotion by Electron Injection

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN
0947-6539
eISSN
1521-3765
D.O.I.
10.1002/chem.201800044
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Metal alloy nanoparticles have shown promising applications in electrocatalysis. However, the nanoparticles usually suffer from limited charge‐transfer efficiency, which can be solved by preparing one‐dimensional materials. Herein, Co–Ni alloy nanochains are prepared by a direct‐current arc‐discharge method. The nanochains, comprised of mutually coupled uniform nanospheres, can range up to several micrometers in size. When the alloy is exposed to air or under the electro‐oxidation process, a metal–metal‐oxide heterostructure is obtained. The alloy can inject electrons into the oxide, which makes it more suitable for electrocatalysis. The composition of the samples can be changed by varying the ratio of Ni/Co (i.e., Co, Co7Ni3, Co5Ni5, Co3Ni7, Ni) in the synthesis process. The nanochains show good oxygen evolution performance that correlates with the Ni/Co ratio. Co7Ni3 demonstrates optimal activity with an onset point of 1.50 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) and overpotential of 350 mV at 10 mA cm−2. The alloy nanochains also show excellent durability with 95.0 % current retention after a long‐term test for 12 h.

Journal

Chemistry - A European JournalWiley

Published: Jan 12, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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