ORIGINAL RESEARCH—WOMEN'S SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS: Assessment and Management of Women's Sexual Dysfunctions: Problematic Desire and Arousal

ORIGINAL RESEARCH—WOMEN'S SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS: Assessment and Management of Women's Sexual... ABSTRACT Introduction. Women frequently report low sexual desire or interest. An associated lack of subjective arousal during sexual activity is clinically highly apparent but has not been the focus of traditional sexual inquiry, definitions of dysfunction, or management. The frequent poor correlation of women's subjective sexual arousal and observable increases in genital congestion in response to sexual stimulation has not been reflected in assessment, diagnosis, or management. Aim. To provide recommendations/guidelines for the assessment and management of women's sexual dysfunctions focusing on low desire, low interest, and lack of arousal. Methods. An international consultation, in collaboration with major sexual medicine associations, assembled over 200 multidisciplinary experts from 60 countries into 17 committees. One subcommittee of five members focused on women's sexual desire and arousal, developing over a 2‐year period various recommendations. Main Outcome Measure. Expert opinion was based on grading of evidence‐based scientific literature, widespread internal committee discussion, public presentation, and debate. Results. Women's sexual response in health can be reconceptualized as a circular model of overlapping phases of variable order influenced by psychological, societal, and biological factors. Subsequent revisions to definitions of arousal and desire disorder are given. Recommendations regarding assessment and management focus on factors reducing arousability and satisfaction. These include women's mental health and feelings for their partner, generally and at the time of sexual activity. Recommendations reflect the poor correlation of subjective arousal and increases in genital vasocongestion. Conclusion. Further outcome research of management based on new conceptualization of sexual response and revised definitions of dysfunction is needed. The basis of the variable correlation between genital vasocongestion and subjective arousal needs clarification as do the biological underpinnings of sexual response and their changes with age and life cycle. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Sexual Medicine Wiley

ORIGINAL RESEARCH—WOMEN'S SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS: Assessment and Management of Women's Sexual Dysfunctions: Problematic Desire and Arousal

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
1743-6095
eISSN
1743-6109
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.1743-6109.2005.20346.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ABSTRACT Introduction. Women frequently report low sexual desire or interest. An associated lack of subjective arousal during sexual activity is clinically highly apparent but has not been the focus of traditional sexual inquiry, definitions of dysfunction, or management. The frequent poor correlation of women's subjective sexual arousal and observable increases in genital congestion in response to sexual stimulation has not been reflected in assessment, diagnosis, or management. Aim. To provide recommendations/guidelines for the assessment and management of women's sexual dysfunctions focusing on low desire, low interest, and lack of arousal. Methods. An international consultation, in collaboration with major sexual medicine associations, assembled over 200 multidisciplinary experts from 60 countries into 17 committees. One subcommittee of five members focused on women's sexual desire and arousal, developing over a 2‐year period various recommendations. Main Outcome Measure. Expert opinion was based on grading of evidence‐based scientific literature, widespread internal committee discussion, public presentation, and debate. Results. Women's sexual response in health can be reconceptualized as a circular model of overlapping phases of variable order influenced by psychological, societal, and biological factors. Subsequent revisions to definitions of arousal and desire disorder are given. Recommendations regarding assessment and management focus on factors reducing arousability and satisfaction. These include women's mental health and feelings for their partner, generally and at the time of sexual activity. Recommendations reflect the poor correlation of subjective arousal and increases in genital vasocongestion. Conclusion. Further outcome research of management based on new conceptualization of sexual response and revised definitions of dysfunction is needed. The basis of the variable correlation between genital vasocongestion and subjective arousal needs clarification as do the biological underpinnings of sexual response and their changes with age and life cycle.

Journal

The Journal of Sexual MedicineWiley

Published: May 1, 2005

References

  • Psychophysiological assessment in premenopausal sexual arousal disorder
    Brotto, Brotto; Basson, Basson; Gorzalka, Gorzalka
  • Turning on and turning off: A focus group study of the factors that affect women's sexual arousal
    Graham, Graham; Sanders, Sanders; Milhausen, Milhausen; McBride, McBride
  • Revised definitions of women's sexual dysfunction
    Basson, Basson; Leiblum, Leiblum; Brotto, Brotto; Derogatis, Derogatis; Fourcroy, Fourcroy; Fugl‐Meyer, Fugl‐Meyer; Graziottin, Graziottin; Heiman, Heiman; Laan, Laan; Meston, Meston; Schover, Schover; Van Lankveld, Van Lankveld; Weijmar Schultz, Weijmar Schultz
  • Distress about sex: A national survey of women in heterosexual relationships
    Bancroft, Bancroft; Loftus, Loftus; Long, Long
  • Sex and the quality of life in Denmark
    Ventegodt, Ventegodt
  • Sexual motivation and the duration of partnership
    Klusmann, Klusmann

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