Organization and Development of Facial Motor Neurons in the Kreisler Mutant Mouse

Organization and Development of Facial Motor Neurons in the Kreisler Mutant Mouse The adult facial nerve contains the axons from two populations of efferent neurons. First, the branchiomotor efferent neurons that innervate the muscles of the second arch. These neurons project out of the hindbrain in the motor root and form the facial motor nuclei. Second, the preganglionic efferent neurons that innervate the submandibular and pterygopalatine ganglia. These neurons project from the hindbrain via the intermediate nerve and form the superior salivatory nucleus. The motor neurons of the facial nerve are known to originate within rhombomeres 4 and 5. In the kreisler mouse mutant there is a specific disruption of the hindbrain ‐rhombomeres 5 and 6 appear to be absent. To investigate changes in the organization of the facial motor neurons in this mutant, we have used lipophilic dyes to trace the facial motor components both retrogradely and anterogradely. As expected, facial motor neurons are missing from rhombomere 5 in this mutant. In addition, the loss of these neurons correlates with the specific loss of the superior salivatory nucleus. In contrast, the branchiomeric neurons, that originate in rhombomere 4, appear to develop normally. This includes the caudal migration of their cell bodies forming the genu of the facial nerve. Our studies confirm that rhombomeres are critical to hindbrain development and that they are the fundamental unit at which motor neurons are specified. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Neuroscience Wiley

Organization and Development of Facial Motor Neurons in the Kreisler Mutant Mouse

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/organization-and-development-of-facial-motor-neurons-in-the-kreisler-Dn1lXaijnJ
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0953-816X
eISSN
1460-9568
DOI
10.1111/j.1460-9568.1997.tb01504.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The adult facial nerve contains the axons from two populations of efferent neurons. First, the branchiomotor efferent neurons that innervate the muscles of the second arch. These neurons project out of the hindbrain in the motor root and form the facial motor nuclei. Second, the preganglionic efferent neurons that innervate the submandibular and pterygopalatine ganglia. These neurons project from the hindbrain via the intermediate nerve and form the superior salivatory nucleus. The motor neurons of the facial nerve are known to originate within rhombomeres 4 and 5. In the kreisler mouse mutant there is a specific disruption of the hindbrain ‐rhombomeres 5 and 6 appear to be absent. To investigate changes in the organization of the facial motor neurons in this mutant, we have used lipophilic dyes to trace the facial motor components both retrogradely and anterogradely. As expected, facial motor neurons are missing from rhombomere 5 in this mutant. In addition, the loss of these neurons correlates with the specific loss of the superior salivatory nucleus. In contrast, the branchiomeric neurons, that originate in rhombomere 4, appear to develop normally. This includes the caudal migration of their cell bodies forming the genu of the facial nerve. Our studies confirm that rhombomeres are critical to hindbrain development and that they are the fundamental unit at which motor neurons are specified.

Journal

European Journal of NeuroscienceWiley

Published: Jul 1, 1997

References

  • The role of FGF‐3 in early inner ear development: an analysis in normal and kreisler mutant mice
    McKay, McKay; Lewis, Lewis; Lumsden, Lumsden
  • Independent assignment of antero‐posterior and dorso‐ventral positional values in the developing chick hindbrain
    Simon, Simon; Hornbruch, Hornbruch; Lumsden, Lumsden
  • Developmental relations between sixth nerve motor neurons and their targets in the chick embryo
    Wahl, Wahl; Noden, Noden; Baker, Baker

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off