IntroductionExergy, or the availability of energy for useful work, is a critical issue that must be addressed to accommodate growing energy demands of society. Increasing population and steady advancement of technology necessitates novel approaches to the management, conversion, and storage of energy. Per the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, approximately 60% of the energy used by the United States in 2015 was rejected as waste despite recent advances in energy conversion. It is realistic to assume that a large portion of this rejected energy is in the form of heat due to the many thermodynamic processes associated with energy conversion and transmission. Therefore, novel thermal management methods for waste heat are critical to increasing energy efficiency and sustainability for the future.Applications such as solar energy conversion require a means of energy storage for the long intervals between the periods of thermal energy availability and energy usage (e.g., time between periods of solar energy absorption and periods of usage). Other applications including thermal comfort control and microelectronic device cooling will benefit greatly from enhanced thermal management techniques. Of these enhanced techniques, the use of phase‐change materials (PCMs) to store thermal energy is promising. Research into this area of study is deficient
Advanced Engineering Materials – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ;
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