MILTON D. HAKELl Organizational Research Senrice and Department of Psychology The Ohio State University INTERPERSONAL behavior is partly dependent 011 expectations about what others will do. Onc. frequently lacks detailed knowledge of people with wliom one interacts, and as a consequence one must use a set of learned associations about traits, attributes, and IIChaviors in order to be able to anticipate what others arc likely to do, or t o make decisions ahout them. These sets of learned associations can be conceptualized as a system of inferential rclationships among personality and behavioral descriptors. These systems of descriptor interrelations have been called âimplicit personality theoriesâ by Bruner and Tagiuri (1954) and Cronbach (1955) (although Wiggins, 1973, rejects this designation), have been included in what Kelly (1955) calls âpersonal constructsâ and are relatable to stercotyping. Schneider (1973) presents a current rcview of rcscarch 011 âimplicit personality theories.â A considerable hotly of research suggests that attributions nxiy be influenced as much or more by the raterâs characteristics than by the rateeâs characteristics. Beauty, as coininon wisdom assures us, is in the eye of the beholder. This investigation secks other attributions t h a t might be in the beholderâs eye. Working
Personnel Psychology – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1974
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