Nonaveraged control‐oriented modeling and relative stability analysis of DC‐DC switching converters

Nonaveraged control‐oriented modeling and relative stability analysis of DC‐DC switching... This paper presents a unified and exact nonaveraged approach to derive a frequency‐domain control‐oriented model for accurate prediction of the fast timescale dynamics and performances of switching converters with fixed frequency naturally sampled pulse width modulation and integrating feedback loop. Because the approach avoids averaging and approximations related to this process, a very good accuracy of the derived model is obtained. The main difference between the presented approach and the existing methodology for accurately predicting the behavior of switching converters is that, here, we break the feedback loop and we focus on analyzing the open‐loop gain and the effect of the system parameters on relative stability. This results in an approach much similar to control systems techniques rather than nonlinear dynamical system approaches. Consequently, the relative stability is tackled easily in the frequency domain. In particular, by treating the modulator as a gain depending on the operating point, the new model is formulated in such a way that standard control‐oriented tools such as Bode diagrams and root‐loci can be easily used. Therefore, the proposed approach gives some important issues like gain and phase margins that are highly useful in controller design. It is noticed that the crossover frequency, gain, and phase margins predicted by using the averaged model may deviate significantly from the actual values given by the proposed approach. The paper points out the sources of discrepancies and the theoretical results are validated by simulations using a circuit‐level switched model. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications Wiley

Nonaveraged control‐oriented modeling and relative stability analysis of DC‐DC switching converters

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
0098-9886
eISSN
1097-007X
D.O.I.
10.1002/cta.2387
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper presents a unified and exact nonaveraged approach to derive a frequency‐domain control‐oriented model for accurate prediction of the fast timescale dynamics and performances of switching converters with fixed frequency naturally sampled pulse width modulation and integrating feedback loop. Because the approach avoids averaging and approximations related to this process, a very good accuracy of the derived model is obtained. The main difference between the presented approach and the existing methodology for accurately predicting the behavior of switching converters is that, here, we break the feedback loop and we focus on analyzing the open‐loop gain and the effect of the system parameters on relative stability. This results in an approach much similar to control systems techniques rather than nonlinear dynamical system approaches. Consequently, the relative stability is tackled easily in the frequency domain. In particular, by treating the modulator as a gain depending on the operating point, the new model is formulated in such a way that standard control‐oriented tools such as Bode diagrams and root‐loci can be easily used. Therefore, the proposed approach gives some important issues like gain and phase margins that are highly useful in controller design. It is noticed that the crossover frequency, gain, and phase margins predicted by using the averaged model may deviate significantly from the actual values given by the proposed approach. The paper points out the sources of discrepancies and the theoretical results are validated by simulations using a circuit‐level switched model.

Journal

International Journal of Circuit Theory and ApplicationsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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