Arterial velocity pulse index (AVI) and arterial pressure‐volume index (API), new indicators of arterial stiffness, are risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. Regular aerobic exercise decreases arterial stiffness. In fact, pulse wave velocity (PWV), index of arterial stiffness, is lower in endurance‐trained than in untrained young adults. However, the effect of regular aerobic exercise on AVI and API remains unknown. This study investigates the effect of regular aerobic exercise on AVI and API, new indicators of arterial stiffness. We gathered data from 18 recreationally active females (active group, age: 18 ± 1 years, 2 ± 2 h/week, 3 ± 2 times/week, ≥2 years of aerobic endurance training) and 18 recreationally inactive females (inactive group, age: 18 ± 1 years, ≥2 years without such training) in a cross‐sectional study. Height, body weight, body mass index, AVI, API, brachial blood pressure, heart rate, and 20‐m multistage shuttle run test were measured in a quiet room at a temperature between 24°C and 25°C. AVI and API were lower in the active group than in the inactive group (P < 0.01). Number of 20‐m shuttles was negatively correlated with AVI (P < 0.01, r = −0.8) and API (P < 0.01, r = −0.8). These results suggest that regular aerobic exercise training decreases AVI and API in young females.
Physiological Reports – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ;
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