Abstract: Glial cells have been shown previously to release factors that promote survival of central and peripheral neurons (neuronotrophic factors (NTFs)). We have investigated the release of NTFs by C6 cells, a rat glioma cell line, under different modes of conditioning. Media conditioned in the presence or absence of serum (C6 cell conditioned media (C6CMs)) were analyzed using biological, biochemical, and immunological assays. We report that (a) nuclear and cytoskeletal proteins were not present in C6CMs, indicating that C6CM proteins result from release by C6 cells rather than from cell death; (b) C6CM contained 1–3 μg protein/ml, corresponding to a secretion rate of about 0.5 pg protein per cell and day; (c) C6CM contained the neurite‐promoting factor laminin and low amounts of nerve growth factor; (d) the presence of fetal calf serum in the culture medium was essential for synthesis and release of NTFs; and (e) our C6CM contained at least three NTFs differing by their temporal secretory patterns and three NTFs differing by biochemical properties, indicating that C6 cells produce and secrete six different NTFs. Within these, nerve growth factor seems to be the only established NTF.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Jun 1, 1988
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