Neighborhood context and financial strain as predictors of marital interaction and marital quality in African American couples

Neighborhood context and financial strain as predictors of marital interaction and marital... Demographic characteristics, family financial strain, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage, and state of residence were tested as predictors of observed warmth, hostility, and self–reported marital quality. Participants were 202 married African American couples who resided in a range of neighborhood contexts. Neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted lower warmth during marital interactions, as did residence in the rural south. Consistent with the family stress model (e.g., Conger & Elder, 1994), family financial strain predicted lower perceived marital quality. Unexpectedly, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted higher marital quality. Social comparison processes and degree of exposure to racially based discrimination are considered as explanations for this unexpected result. The importance of context in relationship outcomes is highlighted. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Personal Relationships Wiley

Neighborhood context and financial strain as predictors of marital interaction and marital quality in African American couples

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
1350-4126
eISSN
1475-6811
DOI
10.1111/1475-6811.00056
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Demographic characteristics, family financial strain, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage, and state of residence were tested as predictors of observed warmth, hostility, and self–reported marital quality. Participants were 202 married African American couples who resided in a range of neighborhood contexts. Neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted lower warmth during marital interactions, as did residence in the rural south. Consistent with the family stress model (e.g., Conger & Elder, 1994), family financial strain predicted lower perceived marital quality. Unexpectedly, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted higher marital quality. Social comparison processes and degree of exposure to racially based discrimination are considered as explanations for this unexpected result. The importance of context in relationship outcomes is highlighted.

Journal

Personal RelationshipsWiley

Published: Sep 1, 2003

References

  • The impact of economic hardship on Black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development
    McLoyd, McLoyd
  • Marital processes and parental socialization in families of color: A decade review of research
    McLoyd, McLoyd; Cauce, Cauce; Takeuchi, Takeuchi; Wilson, Wilson
  • Racial discrimination as a moderator of the links among stress, maternal psychological functioning, and family relationships
    Murry, Murry; Brown, Brown; Brody, Brody; Cutrona, Cutrona; Simons, Simons

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