Necromass as a Limited Source of Energy for Microorganisms in Marine Sediments

Necromass as a Limited Source of Energy for Microorganisms in Marine Sediments The in situ production of necromass and its role as a power source in sustaining heterotrophic microorganisms in marine sediments has never been quantified. Here we quantify the power availability from necromass oxidation to living microorganisms buried in marine sediments over millions of years, first in the oligotrophic South Pacific Gyre (SPG) and second on a global scale. We calculate that power from autochthonously produced necromass in the upper meter of sediment underlying SPG provides only a small fraction (~0.02%) of the maintenance power demand of the living community (1.9 × 10−19 W cell−1). Power from necromass oxidation diminishes considerably with increasing sediment depth (and thus sediment age). Alternatively, the oxidation of allochthonous organic matter, and of radiolytic H2, provides power equivalent to or in excess of the maintenance demands of living microorganisms at SPG. On a global scale, necromass may support the maintenance power demand of 2 to 13% of the microbial community in relatively young sediments (<10,000 years) when it is oxidized with SO42− and O2, respectively. However, in older sediments, the power supplied by necromass is negligible (<0.01%). Nevertheless, the oxidation of a single dead cell per year provides sufficient power to support the maintenance demands of dozens to thousands of cells in low‐energy marine sediments. This raises the possibility that the production and oxidation of necromass may provide a mechanism for non‐growing microorganisms to endure unfavorable, low‐energy settings over geological timescales. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences Wiley

Necromass as a Limited Source of Energy for Microorganisms in Marine Sediments

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
2169-8953
eISSN
2169-8961
D.O.I.
10.1002/2017JG004186
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The in situ production of necromass and its role as a power source in sustaining heterotrophic microorganisms in marine sediments has never been quantified. Here we quantify the power availability from necromass oxidation to living microorganisms buried in marine sediments over millions of years, first in the oligotrophic South Pacific Gyre (SPG) and second on a global scale. We calculate that power from autochthonously produced necromass in the upper meter of sediment underlying SPG provides only a small fraction (~0.02%) of the maintenance power demand of the living community (1.9 × 10−19 W cell−1). Power from necromass oxidation diminishes considerably with increasing sediment depth (and thus sediment age). Alternatively, the oxidation of allochthonous organic matter, and of radiolytic H2, provides power equivalent to or in excess of the maintenance demands of living microorganisms at SPG. On a global scale, necromass may support the maintenance power demand of 2 to 13% of the microbial community in relatively young sediments (<10,000 years) when it is oxidized with SO42− and O2, respectively. However, in older sediments, the power supplied by necromass is negligible (<0.01%). Nevertheless, the oxidation of a single dead cell per year provides sufficient power to support the maintenance demands of dozens to thousands of cells in low‐energy marine sediments. This raises the possibility that the production and oxidation of necromass may provide a mechanism for non‐growing microorganisms to endure unfavorable, low‐energy settings over geological timescales.

Journal

Journal of Geophysical Research: BiogeosciencesWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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