Greenhouse production must create a suitable growth environment for its crop to improve yield while minimizing the energy used to maintain the greenhouse environment, thereby reducing production cost. To this end, this paper develops a nearly optimal control approach based on adaptive dynamic programming. In this method, 3 neural networks are used to estimate the value function and control policy and to compensate for the unmodeled dynamics of the greenhouse climate. Taking into account the greenhouse system typically being an overactuated system, the total control efforts for heat, fog, and CO2 are considered as the virtual control inputs to be generated by the optimal controller. To obtain the real control inputs, a control allocation technique is introduced to distribute the virtual control inputs to the actuators. Finally, Lyapunov stability analysis is performed to derive the update law of the neural networks to ensure the asymptotic convergence of the closed‐loop system, and simulation is carried out to illustrate the effectiveness and control performance of the proposed approach.
Optimal Control Applications and Methods – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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