Near infrared spectroscopy of pedal haemodynamics and oxygenation in normal and laminitic horses

Near infrared spectroscopy of pedal haemodynamics and oxygenation in normal and laminitic horses Summary The present study applies near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to the haemodynamics of the pedal circulation in normal and laminitic horses. NIRS is a noninvasive technique which uses changes in light absorption at 4 wavelengths to provide information on the changes in cytochrome aa3 (cyt aa3) reduction‐oxidation (redox) status, and changes in the tissue concentration of oxyhaemoglobin (O2Hb), deoxyhaemoglobin (HHb) and therefore total haemoglobin (tHb). Other studies have shown NIRS to be sensitive to changes in tissue oxygenation and perfusion in human cerebral and limb circulation. In this study, the NIRS sensor was applied to the dorsal surface of horses' hooves. Normal and laminitic animals (acute and chronic) were subjected to manoeuvres (cuff tourniquet; digital vessel occlusion at the palmar surface of the pastern; lifting of contralateral limb) predicted to change pedal haemodynamics. The procedures produced changes in pedal haemodynamics and oxygenation, which were similar to those observed in the ischaemic/reperfused human forearm. Laminitic differed from normal horses: return of HHb to baseline was slower and the change in cyt aa3 more rapid than normal in cases of chronic laminitis, taken to indicate reduced O2 stores as a result of compromised basal perfusion. In acute laminitis, baseline values did not fluctuate following any of the manoeuvres, suggesting haemostasis in the diseased hoof. NIRS is a useful noninvasive method to assess pedal vascular function in normal and laminitic horses. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Equine Veterinary Journal Wiley

Near infrared spectroscopy of pedal haemodynamics and oxygenation in normal and laminitic horses

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/near-infrared-spectroscopy-of-pedal-haemodynamics-and-oxygenation-in-42pld2FVRy
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 1995 EVJ Ltd
ISSN
0425-1644
eISSN
2042-3306
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.2042-3306.1995.tb04428.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Summary The present study applies near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to the haemodynamics of the pedal circulation in normal and laminitic horses. NIRS is a noninvasive technique which uses changes in light absorption at 4 wavelengths to provide information on the changes in cytochrome aa3 (cyt aa3) reduction‐oxidation (redox) status, and changes in the tissue concentration of oxyhaemoglobin (O2Hb), deoxyhaemoglobin (HHb) and therefore total haemoglobin (tHb). Other studies have shown NIRS to be sensitive to changes in tissue oxygenation and perfusion in human cerebral and limb circulation. In this study, the NIRS sensor was applied to the dorsal surface of horses' hooves. Normal and laminitic animals (acute and chronic) were subjected to manoeuvres (cuff tourniquet; digital vessel occlusion at the palmar surface of the pastern; lifting of contralateral limb) predicted to change pedal haemodynamics. The procedures produced changes in pedal haemodynamics and oxygenation, which were similar to those observed in the ischaemic/reperfused human forearm. Laminitic differed from normal horses: return of HHb to baseline was slower and the change in cyt aa3 more rapid than normal in cases of chronic laminitis, taken to indicate reduced O2 stores as a result of compromised basal perfusion. In acute laminitis, baseline values did not fluctuate following any of the manoeuvres, suggesting haemostasis in the diseased hoof. NIRS is a useful noninvasive method to assess pedal vascular function in normal and laminitic horses.

Journal

Equine Veterinary JournalWiley

Published: Nov 1, 1995

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off