Mutations and polymorphisms in the human peripherin‐ RDS gene and their involvement in inherited retinal degeneration

Mutations and polymorphisms in the human peripherin‐ RDS gene and their involvement in... The RDS gene codes for the protein peripherin‐RDS, which is an integral membrane glycoprotein found in the outer segment of both rod and cone photoreceptor cells. It is thought to function as a structural protein involved in the maintenance of the flattened form of the disc lamellae. The RDS gene has been implicated in the mouse phenotype retinal degeneration slow, and mutations in the human homologue are now known to be associated with both central and peripheral retinal degenerations. In all, 43 sequence variants have been described in the human gene, including 30 missense mutations, two single base substitutions producing termination codons, 7 small in‐frame deletions, and 4 insertion/deletion events, which break the reading frame. Of these, 39 are associated with retinal phenotypes, which can be grouped into four broad categories: dominant retinitis pigmentosa, progressive macular degeneration, digenic RP, and pattern dystrophies. The mutations underlying dominant RP and severe macular degeneration are largely missense or small in‐frame deletions in a large intradiscal loop between the third and fourth transmembrane domains. In contrast, those associated with the milder pattern phenotypes or with digenic RP are scattered more evenly through the gene and are often nonsense mutations. This observation correlates with the hypothesis that the large loop is an important site of interaction between RDS molecules and other protein components in the disc. © 1996 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Mutation Wiley

Mutations and polymorphisms in the human peripherin‐ RDS gene and their involvement in inherited retinal degeneration

Human Mutation, Volume 8 (4) – Jan 1, 1996

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/mutations-and-polymorphisms-in-the-human-peripherin-rds-gene-and-their-yLRRRlabvJ
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
ISSN
1059-7794
eISSN
1098-1004
D.O.I.
10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1996)8:4<297::AID-HUMU1>3.3.CO;2-H
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The RDS gene codes for the protein peripherin‐RDS, which is an integral membrane glycoprotein found in the outer segment of both rod and cone photoreceptor cells. It is thought to function as a structural protein involved in the maintenance of the flattened form of the disc lamellae. The RDS gene has been implicated in the mouse phenotype retinal degeneration slow, and mutations in the human homologue are now known to be associated with both central and peripheral retinal degenerations. In all, 43 sequence variants have been described in the human gene, including 30 missense mutations, two single base substitutions producing termination codons, 7 small in‐frame deletions, and 4 insertion/deletion events, which break the reading frame. Of these, 39 are associated with retinal phenotypes, which can be grouped into four broad categories: dominant retinitis pigmentosa, progressive macular degeneration, digenic RP, and pattern dystrophies. The mutations underlying dominant RP and severe macular degeneration are largely missense or small in‐frame deletions in a large intradiscal loop between the third and fourth transmembrane domains. In contrast, those associated with the milder pattern phenotypes or with digenic RP are scattered more evenly through the gene and are often nonsense mutations. This observation correlates with the hypothesis that the large loop is an important site of interaction between RDS molecules and other protein components in the disc. © 1996 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Journal

Human MutationWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1996

Keywords: human; peripherin‐ RDS ; retinal degeneration; mouse

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off