Abstract— The multiple molecular forms of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were analysed during the postnatal development of rat brain. Changes in the sodium‐dependent, high affinity uptake of (3H)choline (HAUC) and in the efficiency of conversion of labelled choline into ACh in vitro were also examined. Both mature and 7‐day old brain contained three molecular forms of ChAT, with isoelectric points of pH 7.3, 7.9 and 8.3, but the immature brain appeared to contain smaller concentrations of the most basic form of the enzyme (pI = 8.3). Of the total choline uptake measured in slices of frontal cortex, adult samples exhibited a greater proportion of HAUC than 7‐day samples and appeared to acetylate more efficiently the (3H)choline accumulated by high affinity uptake. This evidence suggests a basic molecular form of ChAT, appearing in rat brain during postnatal development, might be responsible for the efficient coupling of the high affinity uptake and subsequent acetylation of choline in cholinergic nerve terminals.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1978
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