MicroRNA‐31 is required for astrocyte specification

MicroRNA‐31 is required for astrocyte specification Previously, we determined microRNA‐31 (miR‐31) is a noncoding tumor suppressive gene frequently deleted in glioblastoma (GBM); miR‐31 suppresses tumor growth, in part, by limiting the activity of NF‐κB. Herein, we expand our previous studies by characterizing the role of miR‐31 during neural precursor cell (NPC) to astrocyte differentiation. We demonstrate that miR‐31 expression and activity is suppressed in NPCs by stem cell factors such as Lin28, c‐Myc, SOX2 and Oct4. However, during astrocytogenesis, miR‐31 is induced by STAT3 and SMAD1/5/8, which mediate astrocyte differentiation. We determined miR‐31 is required for terminal astrocyte differentiation, and that the loss of miR‐31 impairs this process and/or prevents astrocyte maturation. We demonstrate that miR‐31 promotes astrocyte development, in part, by reducing the levels of Lin28, a stem cell factor implicated in NPC renewal. These data suggest that miR‐31 deletions may disrupt astrocyte development and/or homeostasis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Glia Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0894-1491
eISSN
1098-1136
D.O.I.
10.1002/glia.23296
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Previously, we determined microRNA‐31 (miR‐31) is a noncoding tumor suppressive gene frequently deleted in glioblastoma (GBM); miR‐31 suppresses tumor growth, in part, by limiting the activity of NF‐κB. Herein, we expand our previous studies by characterizing the role of miR‐31 during neural precursor cell (NPC) to astrocyte differentiation. We demonstrate that miR‐31 expression and activity is suppressed in NPCs by stem cell factors such as Lin28, c‐Myc, SOX2 and Oct4. However, during astrocytogenesis, miR‐31 is induced by STAT3 and SMAD1/5/8, which mediate astrocyte differentiation. We determined miR‐31 is required for terminal astrocyte differentiation, and that the loss of miR‐31 impairs this process and/or prevents astrocyte maturation. We demonstrate that miR‐31 promotes astrocyte development, in part, by reducing the levels of Lin28, a stem cell factor implicated in NPC renewal. These data suggest that miR‐31 deletions may disrupt astrocyte development and/or homeostasis.

Journal

GliaWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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