Method bias: The importance of theory and measurement

Method bias: The importance of theory and measurement Michigan Suie University, US.A. Inboduction In this brief paper, I first present some reactions to Spector’s thoughtful essay (1994), then I enumerate some questions used to evaluate the importance of method bias in self-report studies I employed as editor, and finally, I make a case for a more serious consideration of a theory of taxonomy of method bias. Reactions to Spector paper The use of self-reports in organizational behavior research has several advantages. As Spector (1994) and others have pointed out, there are many instances in which the constructs in which an investigatoris interested demand the use of self-reports. For example, it hardly seems necessary to defend the use of self-report measures of job satisfaction. Even when the construct does not suggest that self-reportsbe used, however, they can serve as very efficient means of gathering information. It is much easier, for example, to rely on self-reports of stress than to obtain physiological measures even though sole reliance on either in a program of research does not seem justifiable. In addition, self-reports are often less obtrusive to the organization and it may be easier for researchersto administer a questionnairethan to obtain objectiveor observational measures of the work people do http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Organizational Behavior Wiley

Method bias: The importance of theory and measurement

Journal of Organizational Behavior, Volume 15 (5) – Sep 1, 1994

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
0894-3796
eISSN
1099-1379
DOI
10.1002/job.4030150504
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Michigan Suie University, US.A. Inboduction In this brief paper, I first present some reactions to Spector’s thoughtful essay (1994), then I enumerate some questions used to evaluate the importance of method bias in self-report studies I employed as editor, and finally, I make a case for a more serious consideration of a theory of taxonomy of method bias. Reactions to Spector paper The use of self-reports in organizational behavior research has several advantages. As Spector (1994) and others have pointed out, there are many instances in which the constructs in which an investigatoris interested demand the use of self-reports. For example, it hardly seems necessary to defend the use of self-report measures of job satisfaction. Even when the construct does not suggest that self-reportsbe used, however, they can serve as very efficient means of gathering information. It is much easier, for example, to rely on self-reports of stress than to obtain physiological measures even though sole reliance on either in a program of research does not seem justifiable. In addition, self-reports are often less obtrusive to the organization and it may be easier for researchersto administer a questionnairethan to obtain objectiveor observational measures of the work people do

Journal

Journal of Organizational BehaviorWiley

Published: Sep 1, 1994

References

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