A new steroid, 20‐hydroxyisofucosterol (stigmasta‐5,24(28)‐diene‐3β,20β‐diol) (7), along with six known compounds 1 – 6 were isolated from the MeOH extract of the leaves of Sauropus androgynus L. Merr. (Euphorbiaceae). The structure of new steroid was determined by HR‐APCI‐MS and various NMR techniques in combination with literature data. Subsequently, their anti‐inflammatory, cytotoxic activities against five human cell lines, as well as inhibitory activities against the α‐MSH induced melanogenesis on the B16 cell line were evaluated. As the results, steroid compounds, 6 and 7 exhibited moderate cytotoxic to HL60, AZ521, SKBR3, and A549 tumor cell lines (IC50 26.9 – 45.1 μm) with high tumor selectivity for A549 relative to WI38 cell lines (SI 2.6 and 3.0, resp.). And, flavonoid compounds, 4 and 5 exhibited superior inhibitory activities against melanogenesis (67.0 – 94.7% melanin content), even with no or low toxicity to the cells (90.1 – 99.6% cell viability) at the concentrations from 10 to 100 μm. Furthermore, Western blot analysis suggested that compound 5 could inhibit melanogenesis by suppressing the protein expressions of MITF, TRP‐1, TRP‐2, and tyrosinase.
Chemistry & Biodiversity – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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