Mathematical models of the photosynthetic response of tree stands to rising CO 2 concentrations and temperatures

Mathematical models of the photosynthetic response of tree stands to rising CO 2 concentrations... ABSTRACT Two published models of canopy photosynthesis, MAESTRO and BIOMASS, are simulated to examine the response of tree stands to increasing ambient concentrations of carbon dioxide (Ca) and temperatures. The models employ the same equations to described leaf gas exchange, but differ considerably in the level of detail employed to represent canopy structure and radiation environment. Daily rates of canopy photosynthesis simulated by the two models agree to within 10% across a range of CO2 concentrations and temperatures. A doubling of Ca leads to modest increases of simulated daily canopy photosynthesis at low temperatures (10% increase at 10°C), but larger increases at higher temperatures (60% increase at 30°C). The temperature and CO2 dependencies of canopy photosynthesis are interpreted in terms of simulated contributions by quantum‐saturated and non‐saturated foliage. Simulations are presented for periods ranging from a diurnal cycle to several years. Annual canopy photosynthesis simulated by BIOMASS for trees experiencing no water stress is linearly related to simulated annual absorbed photosynthetically active radiation, with light utilization coefficients for carbon of ɛ= 1.66 and 2.07g MJ−1 derived for Ca of 350 and 700 μmol mol−1, respectively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Cell & Environment Wiley

Mathematical models of the photosynthetic response of tree stands to rising CO 2 concentrations and temperatures

Plant Cell & Environment, Volume 16 (1) – Jan 1, 1993

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1993 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0140-7791
eISSN
1365-3040
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-3040.1993.tb00839.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ABSTRACT Two published models of canopy photosynthesis, MAESTRO and BIOMASS, are simulated to examine the response of tree stands to increasing ambient concentrations of carbon dioxide (Ca) and temperatures. The models employ the same equations to described leaf gas exchange, but differ considerably in the level of detail employed to represent canopy structure and radiation environment. Daily rates of canopy photosynthesis simulated by the two models agree to within 10% across a range of CO2 concentrations and temperatures. A doubling of Ca leads to modest increases of simulated daily canopy photosynthesis at low temperatures (10% increase at 10°C), but larger increases at higher temperatures (60% increase at 30°C). The temperature and CO2 dependencies of canopy photosynthesis are interpreted in terms of simulated contributions by quantum‐saturated and non‐saturated foliage. Simulations are presented for periods ranging from a diurnal cycle to several years. Annual canopy photosynthesis simulated by BIOMASS for trees experiencing no water stress is linearly related to simulated annual absorbed photosynthetically active radiation, with light utilization coefficients for carbon of ɛ= 1.66 and 2.07g MJ−1 derived for Ca of 350 and 700 μmol mol−1, respectively.

Journal

Plant Cell & EnvironmentWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1993

References

  • Respiration in a future, higher CO 2 world
    Amthor, Amthor
  • Increased photosynthetic capacity of Scirpus olneyi after 4 years of exposure to elevated CO 2
    Arp, Arp; Drake, Drake
  • Nitrogen and carbon dynamics in C 3 and C 4 estuarine marsh plants under elevated CO 2 in situ
    Curtis, Curtis; Drake, Drake; Whigham, Whigham
  • The effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and temperature on carbon partitioning, source‐sink relations and respiration
    Farrar, Farrar; Williams, Williams
  • Carbon balance in tussock tundra under ambient and elevated atmospheric CO 2
    Grulke, Grulke; Riechers, Riechers; Oechel, Oechel; Hjelm, Hjelm; Jaeger, Jaeger
  • Modelling photosynthesis of cotton grown in elevated CO 2
    Harley, Harley; Thomas, Thomas; Reynolds, Reynolds; Strain, Strain
  • Modification of the response of photosynthetic productivity to rising temperature by atmospheric CO 2 concentrations: Has its importance been underestimated
    Long, Long
  • An examination of the advantages of C 3 ‐C 4 intermediate photosynthesis in warm environments
    Schuster, Schuster; Monson, Monson

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