LPS targets host guanylate‐binding proteins to the bacterial outer membrane for non‐canonical inflammasome activation

LPS targets host guanylate‐binding proteins to the bacterial outer membrane for non‐canonical... Pathogenic and commensal Gram‐negative bacteria produce and release outer membrane vesicles (OMVs), which present several surface antigens and play an important role for bacterial pathogenesis. OMVs also modulate the host immune system, which makes them attractive as vaccine candidates. At the cellular level, OMVs are internalized by macrophages and deliver lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the host cytosol, thus activating the caspase‐11 non‐canonical inflammasome. Here, we show that OMV‐induced inflammasome activation requires TLR4‐TRIF signaling, the production of type I interferons, and the action of guanylate‐binding proteins (GBPs), both in macrophages and in vivo. Mechanistically, we find that isoprenylated GBPs associate with the surface of OMVs or with transfected LPS, indicating that the key factor that determines GBP recruitment to the Gram‐negative bacterial outer membranes is LPS itself. Our findings provide new insights into the mechanism by which GBPs target foreign surfaces and reveal a novel function for GBPs in controlling the intracellular detection of LPS derived from extracellular bacteria in the form of OMVs, thus extending their function as a hub between cell‐autonomous immunity and innate immunity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The EMBO Journal Wiley

LPS targets host guanylate‐binding proteins to the bacterial outer membrane for non‐canonical inflammasome activation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/lps-targets-host-guanylate-binding-proteins-to-the-bacterial-outer-y7nJqBffAz
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2018 EMBO
ISSN
0261-4189
eISSN
1460-2075
D.O.I.
10.15252/embj.201798089
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pathogenic and commensal Gram‐negative bacteria produce and release outer membrane vesicles (OMVs), which present several surface antigens and play an important role for bacterial pathogenesis. OMVs also modulate the host immune system, which makes them attractive as vaccine candidates. At the cellular level, OMVs are internalized by macrophages and deliver lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the host cytosol, thus activating the caspase‐11 non‐canonical inflammasome. Here, we show that OMV‐induced inflammasome activation requires TLR4‐TRIF signaling, the production of type I interferons, and the action of guanylate‐binding proteins (GBPs), both in macrophages and in vivo. Mechanistically, we find that isoprenylated GBPs associate with the surface of OMVs or with transfected LPS, indicating that the key factor that determines GBP recruitment to the Gram‐negative bacterial outer membranes is LPS itself. Our findings provide new insights into the mechanism by which GBPs target foreign surfaces and reveal a novel function for GBPs in controlling the intracellular detection of LPS derived from extracellular bacteria in the form of OMVs, thus extending their function as a hub between cell‐autonomous immunity and innate immunity.

Journal

The EMBO JournalWiley

Published: Jan 15, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off