Longitudinal relations between child vagal tone and parenting behavior: 2 to 4 years

Longitudinal relations between child vagal tone and parenting behavior: 2 to 4 years The longitudinal relations between physiological markers of child emotion regulation and maternal parenting practices were examined from 2 to 4 years of age. At Time 1, cardiac vagal tone was assessed for one hundred four 2‐year‐olds (54 females); their mothers completed an assessment of parenting styles. Two years later, at Time 2, 84 of the original participants were reassessed on measures of cardiac vagal tone and parenting style. Results indicated both baseline cardiac vagal tone and maternal parenting practices to be stable from 2 to 4 years of age. Children's cardiac vagal tone predicted specific parenting practices from the toddler to preschool years. Further, child cardiac vagal tone moderated maternal restrictive‐parenting practices from 2 to 4 years of age; mothers of children who were highly or moderately physiologically dysregulated were more likely to report restrictive parenting practices at both 2 and 4 years of age. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 45: 10–21, 2004. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Developmental Psychobiology Wiley

Longitudinal relations between child vagal tone and parenting behavior: 2 to 4 years

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0012-1630
eISSN
1098-2302
D.O.I.
10.1002/dev.20013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The longitudinal relations between physiological markers of child emotion regulation and maternal parenting practices were examined from 2 to 4 years of age. At Time 1, cardiac vagal tone was assessed for one hundred four 2‐year‐olds (54 females); their mothers completed an assessment of parenting styles. Two years later, at Time 2, 84 of the original participants were reassessed on measures of cardiac vagal tone and parenting style. Results indicated both baseline cardiac vagal tone and maternal parenting practices to be stable from 2 to 4 years of age. Children's cardiac vagal tone predicted specific parenting practices from the toddler to preschool years. Further, child cardiac vagal tone moderated maternal restrictive‐parenting practices from 2 to 4 years of age; mothers of children who were highly or moderately physiologically dysregulated were more likely to report restrictive parenting practices at both 2 and 4 years of age. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 45: 10–21, 2004.

Journal

Developmental PsychobiologyWiley

Published: Jul 1, 2004

References

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