Long‐term induction of c‐jun mRNA and jun protein in rabbit retinal ganglion cells following axotomy or colchicine treatment

Long‐term induction of c‐jun mRNA and jun protein in rabbit retinal ganglion cells following... The expression of the c‐jun, c‐fos, and NGFI‐A genes was studied in the rabbit retina after optic nerve crush (ONC) or an intravitreal injection of colchicine. By Northern blotting, the basal expression of c‐fos and NGFI‐A mRNAs were undetectable, whereas c‐jun mRNA showed a low basal expression in shamoperated control retinas. Very few or no Jun‐ or Fosimmunoreactive nuclei were seen in control retinas. From 1 to 95 days after ONC a marked induction of JUN‐ but not FOS‐immunoreactive neurons was seen in the ganglion cell layer peaking at 3 and 7 days. Jun‐positive neurons also accumulated immunoreactive phosphorylated neurofilaments, indicating that they were ganglion cells. Northern blots demonstrated that retinal levels of c‐jun mRNA, but not of c‐fos or NGFI‐A mRNAs, were increased 3 and 7 days after ONC. An intravitreal injection of colchicine also induced Jun‐immunoreactivity within 24 hr in most of the neurons in the ganglion cell layer, but not in the inner nuclear and outer nuclear layers. The results indicate that axonal damage induces a specific pattern of IEG expression including a long‐term induction of the c‐jun gene in CNS neurons. © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neuroscience Research Wiley

Long‐term induction of c‐jun mRNA and jun protein in rabbit retinal ganglion cells following axotomy or colchicine treatment

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
ISSN
0360-4012
eISSN
1097-4547
DOI
10.1002/jnr.490340213
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The expression of the c‐jun, c‐fos, and NGFI‐A genes was studied in the rabbit retina after optic nerve crush (ONC) or an intravitreal injection of colchicine. By Northern blotting, the basal expression of c‐fos and NGFI‐A mRNAs were undetectable, whereas c‐jun mRNA showed a low basal expression in shamoperated control retinas. Very few or no Jun‐ or Fosimmunoreactive nuclei were seen in control retinas. From 1 to 95 days after ONC a marked induction of JUN‐ but not FOS‐immunoreactive neurons was seen in the ganglion cell layer peaking at 3 and 7 days. Jun‐positive neurons also accumulated immunoreactive phosphorylated neurofilaments, indicating that they were ganglion cells. Northern blots demonstrated that retinal levels of c‐jun mRNA, but not of c‐fos or NGFI‐A mRNAs, were increased 3 and 7 days after ONC. An intravitreal injection of colchicine also induced Jun‐immunoreactivity within 24 hr in most of the neurons in the ganglion cell layer, but not in the inner nuclear and outer nuclear layers. The results indicate that axonal damage induces a specific pattern of IEG expression including a long‐term induction of the c‐jun gene in CNS neurons. © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Journal

Journal of Neuroscience ResearchWiley

Published: Feb 1, 1993

References

  • Increase of transferrin receptors and iron uptake in regenerating motor neurons
    Graeber, Graeber; Raivich, Raivich; Kreutzberg, Kreutzberg
  • Rat facial motoneurons express increased levels of calcitonin gene‐related peptide mRNA in response to axotomy
    Haas, Haas; Streit, Streit; Kreutzberg, Kreutzberg
  • Adult retinal ganglion cells retain the ability to regenerate their axons up to several weeks after axotomy
    Thanos, Thanos; Vanselow, Vanselow
  • Functional architecture of the mammalian retina
    Wässle, Wässle; Boycott, Boycott

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