disagreed with “restrictions on funda-
mental rights such as assembly and
The capital was calm on February 17th,
with businesses open and no extra secu-
rity forces deployed on the streets.
Besides the protest ban, Fana reported
the decree allows police to search people
and houses and make arrests without a
warrant. The government may also
impose a curfew.
(© AFP 17/2 2018)
On February 15th, Hailemariam said he
had made his decision to stand down in
the hope that it would help end the years
of unrest and political upheaval.
The European Union (EU) has said the
state of emergency undermines any
peaceful resolution to its political crisis
and called for constructive dialogue
among authorities, opposition ﬁgures,
the media and civil society.
toring 9, 16/2)
In early February, pro-opposition pro-
government media reported hundreds of
arrests in the northern Amhara region,
where anti-government protests had
been going on for days. The protests
started after 13 people were killed in
Weldiya on January 20th at a religious
Amhara Regional State said on Febru-
ary 3rd that ﬁfteen people had been
killed in clashes between the security
forces and protesters in North Welo
Conveying its condolences, the regional
administration stated that the causes of
the conﬂict were due to demands of the
people that had not been properly
addressed. The regional government also
said it is committed to working to
address the grievances.
It denounced the alleged disproportion-
ate use of force by the security services
and vowed to undertake a high-level
(BBC Monitoring 1, 3/2)
Prison amnesty p. 21725B
Mass strikes shut down the capital in
the wake of disputed polls.
One man died and several were injured
on February 26th when thousands of
young people erected barricades and
blocked trafﬁc in the Guinean capital.
A general strike was called by the
Guinea General Union of Workers
(UGTG) in addition to an ongoing
walkout by teachers and a complete
shutdown of economic activity
demanded by the opposition after dis-
puted local elections.
Hospital sources told AFP a man was
shot dead and two of a number of people
wounded were in intensive care. Former
prime minister Cellou Dalein Diallo,
leader of the main opposition Union of
Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG)
accused police of “entering areas ...
assaulting citizens and unfortunately
killing a young student.”
Police also made 15 arrests in the
Kaloum district, where civil society
groups were protesting against the two-
week closure of schools.
An on-off teachers’ strike that has
paralysed the education system shows
no signs of stopping despite a recent
government offer to increase pay.
The victory of President Alpha Conde’s
ruling Rally for the Guinean People
(RPG) in the February 4th vote was
marred by post-electoral violence involv-
ing supporters of the losing parties.
The UFDG has condemned what it
terms “massive fraud” during voting,
leading to unrest and the deaths of at
least 10 people.
Diallo demanded to know the “real”
results of the elections. “It’s only the
start. The opposition will not retreat
until our rights are restored,” he added.
The powerful UGTG union had joined
the teachers and opposition ﬁgures by
calling for workers to stay at home on
the 26th. It has cited mismanagement of
the national social security system, poor
regulation of subcontracted jobs and a
perceived indifference to workplace
accidents and arbitrary ﬁrings for the
The UGTG called on public and private
sector employees alike to continue to
boycott their workplaces.
The triple challenge will add to the
pressure on Conde to complete promised
reforms and speed up negotiations with
all parties concerned.
The government urged teachers who
have held various walkouts since
December to head back to class on the
26th and end their most recent strike, a
demand they have ﬂatly refused despite
the offer of a 10% pay increase over the
weekend of 24th–25th.
Guinea’s education ministry said “all
measures have been taken to make
schools secure so that classes can take
place in the best possible conditions,”
following protests near some establish-
ments by disgruntled students.
Teachers have requested that a pay rise
of 40% agreed in October 2017 be
implemented, with back pay.
A policeman had died from a head
wound on February 19th as people
protested over the delayed local election
results and teachers went on strike over
pay, a police spokesman said.
Thousands of young people demon-
strated in Conakry over the failure to
announce results of the February 4th
election, while the teachers’ strike
entered its second week.
Teachers had resumed strike action on
February 12th after some union mem-
bers called for a renewed walkout over
pay and working conditions.
Police arrested at least 50 people follow-
ing an arson attack that killed ﬁve
children in central Guinea after the local
elections, a local ofﬁcial said on Febru-
Unrest ﬂared in the West African coun-
try after the ballot, with seven deaths
recorded as at February 8th across the
country amid violent clashes between
opposition supporters and riot police.
Mamadou Lamarana Diallo, a local
ofﬁcial, told Guinean radio that some
of those arrested were carrying weapons,
and that the wave of violence in the town
had spread to nearby villages.
Presidential elections in 2010 and 2015
were also marred by violence and fraud
accusations, as well as a legislative ballot
Diallo said his party had stayed “calm”
during those votes, but added “this time,
for local elections, we have to mobilise”.
Activists erected barricades in several
neighbourhoods in the capital, Conakry,
calling for the results to be published
while accusing the ruling Rally for the
Guinean People (RPG) of ﬁxing the
Political distrust is high in Guinea,
where ethnic tensions often turn deadly
around election time. The last local
election was held in 2005 under the
decades-long rule of authoritarian leader
General Lansane Conte, who died in
(© AFP 7, 8, 19, 26/2 2018)
School Attack: Somali militant group
al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility
for an armed attack in northeastern
Pic de tibe
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
21762 – Africa Research Bulletin National Security