The Publisher, Strategic Management Society, and Editors
cannot be held responsible for errors or any
consequences arising from the use of informa on
contained in this journal; the views and opinions
expressed do not necessarily reﬂ ect those of the
Publisher, Strategic Management Society and Editors,
neither does the publica on of adver sements cons tute
any endorsement by the Publisher, Strategic Management
Society and Editors of the products adver sed.
Copyright and Photocopying
Copyright © 2018 Strategic Management Society. All
rights reserved. No part of this publica on may be
reproduced, stored or transmi ed in any form or by any
means without the prior permission in wri ng from the
copyright holder. Authoriza on to photocopy items for
internal and personal use is granted by the copyright
holder for libraries and other users registered with their
local Reproduc on Rights Organiza on (RRO), e.g.
Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive,
Danvers, MA 01923, USA (www.copyright.com), provided
the appropriate fee is paid directly to the RRO. This
consent does not extend to other kinds of copying such
as copying for general distribu on, for adver sing or
promo onal purposes, for crea ng new collec ve works
or for resale. Special requests should be addressed to:
Delivery Terms and Legal Title
Where the subscrip on price includes print issues and
delivery is to the recipient’s address, delivery terms are
Delivered at Place (DAP); the recipient is responsible for
paying any import duty or taxes. Title to all issues
transfers FOB our shipping point, freight prepaid. We will
endeavour to fulﬁ l claims for missing or damaged copies
within six months of publica on, within our reasonable
discre on and subject to availability.
Informaঞ on for subscribers
The Global Strategy Journal is published in 4 issues per
year. Ins tu onal subscrip on prices for 2018 are:
Print Only: US$510 (US and Rest of World), €331
(Europe), £262 (UK).
Print & Online: US$638 (US and Rest of World), €414
(Europe), £328 (UK).
Online Only: US$510 (US and Rest of World), €331
(Europe), £262 (UK).
Prices are exclusive of tax. Asia-Paciﬁ c GST, Canadian GST/
HST and European VAT will be applied at the appropriate
rates. For more informa on on current tax rates, please go
to www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/tax-vat. The price includes
online access to the current and all online backﬁ les to
January 1st 2013, where available. For other pricing
op ons, including access informa on and terms and
condi ons, please visit www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/access.
Single issues from current and recent volumes are available
at the current single issue price from email@example.com.
Earlier issues may be obtained from Periodicals Service
Company, 351 Fairview Avenue – Ste 300, Hudson, NY
Tel: +1 518 822-9300, Fax: +1 518 822-9305,
The Global Strategy Journal is published by John Wiley &
Sons Ltd, The Strategic Management Journal is published
by John Wiley & Sons Ltd., The Atrium, Southern Gate,
Chichester PO19 8SQ, UK. Tel: +44 1243 779777
Producঞ on Editor: Allie Thek (firstname.lastname@example.org)
US mailing agent: Mercury Media Processing, LLC 1850
Elizabeth Avenue, Suite #C, Rahway, NJ 07065 USA.
Periodical postage paid at Rahway, NJ.
Postmaster: Send all address changes to GLOBAL
STRATEGY JOURNAL, John Wiley & Sons Inc., C/O The
Sheridan Press, PO Box 465, Hanover, PA 17331.
Journal Customer Services: For ordering informa on,
claims and any enquiry concerning your journal
subscrip on please go to www.wileycustomerhelp.com/
ask or contact your nearest office.
Americas: Email: email@example.com; Tel: +1 781 388
8598 or +1 800 835 6770 (toll free in the USA & Canada).
Europe, Middle East and Africa:
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: +44 (0) 1865 778315.
Asia Paciﬁ c: Email: email@example.com; Tel: +65 6511
Japan: For Japanese speaking support,
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: +65 6511 8010 or
Tel (toll-free): 005 316 50 480.
Visit our Online Customer Help available in 7 languages
Wiley’s Corporate Ci zenship ini a ve seeks to address
the environmental, social, economic, and ethical
challenges faced in our business and which are important
to our diverse stakeholder groups. Since launching the
ini a ve, we have focused on sharing our content with
those in need, enhancing community philanthropy,
reducing our carbon impact, crea ng global guidelines
and best prac ces for paper use, establishing a vendor
code of ethics, and engaging our colleagues and other
stakeholders in our eﬀ orts.
Follow our progress at www.wiley.com/go/ci zenship
View this journal online at wileyonlinelibrary.com/
Wiley is a founding member of the UN-backed HINARI,
AGORA, and OARE ini a ves. They are now collec vely
known as HYPERLINK “h p://www.research4life.org”
\t “_blank” Research4Life, making online scien ﬁ c
content available free or at nominal cost to researchers
in developing countries. Please visit Wiley’s Content
Access – Corporate Ci zenship site: h p://www.wiley.
Printed in Singapore by C.O.S. Printers Pte Ltd
Global Strategy Journal