Aims and Scope
Physiological Reports is an online only, open access journal that will publish peer-reviewed research across all areas of basic,
translational and clinical physiology and allied disciplines. Physiological Reports is a collaboration between The Physiological
Society and the American Physiological Society, and is therefore in a unique position to serve the international physiology
community through quick time to publication while upholding a quality standard of sound research that constitutes a use-
ful contribution to the ﬁ eld. Papers will be accepted solely on the basis of scientiﬁ c rigor, adherence to technical and ethical
standards, and evidence that the study is sufﬁ ciently well-conceived and the data support the conclusions.
Physiological Reports is interested in cellular and molecular studies as well as intact tissues, model organisms and transla-
tional studies. We welcome the work of biomedical scientists, whose studies incorporate physiological ﬁ ndings. Papers with
negative data or conﬁ rmatory results are acceptable as long as they are well conceived. Papers concerned with modeling or
new methods are acceptable as long as they are of physiological interest.
For further information, see the journal’s full scope
statement available at
Open Access and Copyright
All articles published by Physiological Reports are fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download and share.
All Physiological Reports articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which
permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright on any research article in a journal published by Physiological Reports is retained by the author(s).
Authors grant Wiley a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant
any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation
details and publisher are identiﬁ ed. Further information about the open access license and copyright can be found at
Purchasing Print Reprints
As this is an open access journal, you have free, unlimited access to your article online. However, if you wish to obtain printed
reprints, these may be ordered online: https://caesar.sheridan.com/reprints/redir.php?pub=10089&acro=PHY2
The Publisher and Editors cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information
contained in this journal; the views and opinions expressed do not necessarily reﬂ ect those of the Publisher and Editors,
neither does the publication of advertisements constitute any endorsements by the Publisher and Editors of the products
Wiley Open Access articles posted to repositories or websites are without warranty from Wiley of any kind, either express or
implied, including, but not limited to, warranties of merchantability, ﬁ tness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. To the
fullest extent permitted by law Wiley disclaims all liability for any loss or damage arising out of, or in connection with, the use of or
inability to use the content.