All articles published, including but not limited to original research, clinical notes, editorials, reviews, reports, letters, and book reviews, represent the opinions and views of the authors and do not reﬂect any ofﬁcial policy or medical opinion of the institutions with which the authors are afﬁliated or of the Publisher unless this is clearly speciﬁed. Articles published herein are intended to further general scientiﬁc research, understanding, and discussion only and are not intended and should not be relied upon as recommending or promoting a speciﬁc method, diagnosis, or treatment by physicians for any particular patient. While the Editor and Publisher believe that drug selections and dosages and the speciﬁcations and usage of equipment and devices as set forth herein are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication, they accept no legal responsibility for any errors or omissions, and makeno war- ranty, express or implied, with respect to material contained herein. Publication of an advertisement or other discussions of products in the Journal should not be construed as an endorsement of the products or the manufacturers' claims. Readers are encouraged to contact the manufacturers with any questions about the features or limitations of the products mentioned. Copyright and Copying: Copyright 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission in writing from the copyright holder. Authorization to copy items for internal and personal use is granted by the copyright holder for libraries and other users registered with their local Reproduction Rights Organisation (RRO), e.g. Copyright Clearance Cen- ter (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA (www.copyright.com), provided the appropriate fee is paid directly to the RRO. This consent does not extend to other kinds of copying such as copying for general distribution, for advertising or promotional purposes, for republication, for creating new col- lective works or for resale. Permissions for such reuse can be obtained using the RighsLink “Request Permissions” link on Wiley Online Library. Special requests should be addressed to: firstname.lastname@example.org. CATHETERIZATION AND CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS, (Print ISSN 1522-1946; Online ISSN 1522-726X), is published monthly and semi-monthly in Febru- ary and November by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., through Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., a Wiley Company, 111 River St., Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Periodical Postage Paid at Hoboken, NJ and additional ofﬁces. Postmaster: Send all address changes to CATHETERIZATION AND CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS, John Wiley & Sons Inc., C/O The Sheridan Press, PO Box 465, Hanover, PA 17331. Delivery terms and legal title: where the subscription price includes print issues and delivery is to the recipient's address, delivery terms are DAP (Delivered at Place); the recipient is responsible for paying any import duty or taxes. Title to all issues transfers FOB our shipping point, freight prepaid. We will endeavour to fulﬁl claims for missing or damaged copies within six months of publication, within our reasonable discretion and subject to availability. Advertising inquiries should be addressed to: MaryJo Drewn, John Wiley & Sons, Sr. Advertising Account Executive, 350 Main St., Malden, MA 02148, 781-388- 8341, email@example.com. For advertising inquiries outside the United States, contact Caroline Melling, Non-Subscription Sales Manager, 0 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Bafﬁns Lane, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 1 UD, United Kingdom; 44 (0) 1234 770351, fax 44 (0) 1234 770429. The Publisher, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions and Editors cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; the views and opinions expressed do not necessarily reﬂect those of the Publisher, Society for Cardiovascular Angio- graphy and Interventions and Editors, neither does the publication of advertisements constitute any endorsement by the Publisher, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions and Editors of the products advertised. Information for subscribers: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions is published in 14 issues per year. Institutional subscription prices for 2018 are: Print & Online: US $7,870.00 (US), US $8,307.00 (Rest of World), e5,364.00 (Europe), £4,243 (UK). Prices are exclusive of tax. Asia-Paciﬁc GST, Canadian GST/HST and European VAT will be applied at the appropriate rates. For more information on current tax rates, please go to www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/tax-vat. The price includes online access to the current and all online back ﬁles to January 1st 2014, where available. For other pricing options, including access information and terms and conditions, please visit www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/access. Members of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions receive the journal as part of their dues. Offprint sales and inquiries should be directed to the Reprint Billing Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030; phone (201) 748-8776; all other inquiries should be directed to the Customer Service Department (201) 748-6645. Back Issues: Single issues from cur- rent and recent volumes are available at the current single issue price from firstname.lastname@example.org. Earlier issues may be obtained from Periodicals Service Com- pany, 351 Fairview Avenue-Ste 300, Hudson, NY 12534, USA. Tel: +1 518 822-9300, Fax: +1 518 822-9305, Email: email@example.com. Journal Customer Services: For ordering information, claims and any enquiry concerning your journal subscription please go to www. wileycustomerhelp.com/ask or contact your near- est ofﬁce. Americas: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: +1 781 388 8598 or +1 800 835 6770 (toll free in the USA & Canada). Europe, Middle East and Africa: Email: email@example.com; Tel: +44 (0) 1865 778315. Asia Paciﬁc: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: +65 6511 8000. Japan: For Japanese speaking support, Email: cs- email@example.com. Visit our Online Customer Help available in 7 languages at www.wileycustomerhelp.com/ask. Wiley's Corporate Citizenship initiative seeks to address the environmental, social, economic, and ethical challenges faced in our business and which are important to our diverse stakeholder groups. Since launching the initiative, we have focused on sharing our content with those in need, enhancing community philanthropy, reducing our carbon impact, creating global guidelines and best practices for paper use, establishing a vendor code of ethics, and engaging our colleagues and other stakeholders in our efforts. Follow our progress at www.wiley.com/go/citizenship. For submission instructions, subscription, and all other information visit: wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/cci. Wiley is a founding member of the UN-backed HINARI, AGORA, and OARE initiatives. They are now collectively known as Research4Life, making online scientiﬁc content available free or at nominal cost to researchers in developing countries. Please visit Wiley's Content Access ‐ Cor- porate Citizenship site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-390082.html CCI accepts articles for Open Access publication. Please visit http://olabout. wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-406241.html for further information about OnlineOpen. View this journal online at wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/CCD Production Editor: Joyce Eavenson (jrnlprod.CCD@cenveo.com) This Journal is Indexed by: BIOSIS Data Base Biomedical Engineering Citation Index Cardiology Digest Current Contents/Clinical Medicine Science cita- tion Index SCISEARCH Database Current Opinion in Cardiology Current Opinion in Radiology Excerpta Medica Index Medicus. Printed in the USA by Cadmus. ISSN 1522-1946 (Print) ISSN 1522-726X (Online). Printed in the USA by The Sheridan Group. This journal is printed on acid-free paper.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions – Wiley
Published: Jan 15, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud