AbbreviationsCIconfidence intervalNPVnegative predictive valuePPVpositive predictive valueKey MessageThere is no clear guidance on how to identify alcohol risk drinkers among pregnant women in Scandinavia. Our results suggest that in a Danish setting, the alcohol screening tool TWEAK may be useful in identifying high‐risk drinking during pregnancy.IntroductionHeavy daily alcohol consumption or repetitive binge drinking episodes are associated with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) , a complex disorder characterized by multiple birth defects, including growth restriction and neurodevelopmental problems. Further, excessive daily alcohol consumption increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes including fetal death , preterm birth , intrauterine growth restriction and neuropsychological outcomes and motor function deficits . Although the negative consequences of heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy are well‐established, the associations between low to moderate alcohol consumption and isolated episodes of binge drinking during pregnancy in the absence of daily alcohol intake on adverse birth outcomes are inconsistent .The prevalence of prenatal alcohol consumption varies in the Western world. It has been estimated that 10% of pregnant American women consume alcohol and higher rates (13.6–36.2%) have been reported in Europe . To prevent negative prenatal and postnatal health outcomes, it is crucial to identify pregnant women who are risk drinkers. A
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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