Harpagoside, an iridoid glycoside, is the major bioactive constituent of the traditional Chinese medicine Scrophulariae Radix. High‐performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector combined with electrospray ionization ion trap time‐of‐flight multistage mass spectrometry (HPLC‐ESI‐IT‐TOF‐MSn) was used to profile and identify the metabolites of harpagoside in rats in vivo and to study the distribution of these metabolites in rats for the first time. A total of 45 metabolites were identified, 37 of which were postulated to be new compounds. The number of detected metabolites in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, stomach and small intestine was 2, 9, 6, 16, 4, 16 and 6, respectively, which indicated that the target organs of harpagoside should be spleen, lung and stomach. The main types of metabolic reactions of harpagoside in rats are hydrolysis, reduction, sulfuric acid addition, hydroxylation, methoxylation, sulfate substitution, methylation, glucose conjugation and amino acid conjugation. Furthermore, 23 metabolites were determined to have bioactivities based on the literature and ‘PharmMapper’ analysis. These findings are useful for better comprehension of the effective forms, target organs and pharmacological effects of harpagoside. Moreover, these findings provide a reference for studying the metabolism and distribution of iridoid compounds.
Biomedical Chromatography – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera