International NGOs and the Role of Network Centrality in Humanitarian Aid Operations: A Case Study of Coordination During the 2000 Mozambique Floods

International NGOs and the Role of Network Centrality in Humanitarian Aid Operations: A Case... In February 2000, Mozambique suffered its worst flooding in almost 50 years: 699 people died and hundreds of thousands were displaced. Over 49 countries and 30 international non‐governmental organisations provided humanitarian assistance. Coordination of disaster assistance is critical for effective humanitarian aid operations, but limited attention has been directed toward evaluating the system‐wide structure of inter‐organisational coordination during humanitarian operations. Network analysis methods were used to examine the structure of inter‐organisational relations among 65 non‐governmental organisations (NGOs) involved in the flood operations in Mozambique. Centrality scores were used to estimate NGO‐specific potential for aid coordination and tested against NGO beneficiary numbers. The average number of relief‐ and recovery‐period beneficiaries was significantly greater for NGOs with high relative to low centrality scores (p<0.05). This report addresses the significance of these findings in the context of the Mozambican 2000 floods and the type of data required to evaluate system‐wide coordination. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Disasters Wiley

International NGOs and the Role of Network Centrality in Humanitarian Aid Operations: A Case Study of Coordination During the 2000 Mozambique Floods

Disasters, Volume 27 (4) – Dec 1, 2003

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0361-3666
eISSN
1467-7717
DOI
10.1111/j.0361-3666.2003.00235.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In February 2000, Mozambique suffered its worst flooding in almost 50 years: 699 people died and hundreds of thousands were displaced. Over 49 countries and 30 international non‐governmental organisations provided humanitarian assistance. Coordination of disaster assistance is critical for effective humanitarian aid operations, but limited attention has been directed toward evaluating the system‐wide structure of inter‐organisational coordination during humanitarian operations. Network analysis methods were used to examine the structure of inter‐organisational relations among 65 non‐governmental organisations (NGOs) involved in the flood operations in Mozambique. Centrality scores were used to estimate NGO‐specific potential for aid coordination and tested against NGO beneficiary numbers. The average number of relief‐ and recovery‐period beneficiaries was significantly greater for NGOs with high relative to low centrality scores (p<0.05). This report addresses the significance of these findings in the context of the Mozambican 2000 floods and the type of data required to evaluate system‐wide coordination.

Journal

DisastersWiley

Published: Dec 1, 2003

References

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