10.1002/jcp.1041650111.abs Amino acid uptake by the human placenta is known to occur via several transport mechanisms. However, regulation by extracellular factors has received relatively little attention. A recent report by this laboratory characterized the uptake of α‐aminoisobutyric acid (AIB) stimulated by insulin in the cultured human placental trophoblast The current study evaluated the effect of insulin‐like growth factor‐1 (IGF‐1) on AIB uptake in cultured human placental trophoblasts. Na+‐dependent AIB uptake was significantly stimulated by IGF‐l in a time‐dependent manner, as early as 30 min after hormone exposure. The maximum effect was at 2–4 hr of continuous exposure to IGF‐l and the stimulation was dependent upon IGF‐1 concentration approaching maximal stimulation at 50 ng.ml−1. AIB uptake was inhibited by increasing concentrations of α‐(methylamino)isobtyric acid (MeAIB). Approximately 75% of basal (unstimulated) Na+‐dependent AIB uptake was inhibited by MeAIB. The IGF‐1‐stimulated increment above basal AIB uptake was completely inhibited by MeAIB. IGF‐1 increased the maximum uptake yelocity but not Km. Using equimolar concentrations, stimulation was greater with IGF‐1 then with IGF‐2. Stimulation by IGF‐1, but not insulin, was inhibited by anit‐IGF‐1 receptor antibody, indicating mediation via the IGF‐1 receptor. H7, a nonspecific inhibitor of serine‐threonine kinase, inhibited IGF‐1‐dependent stimulation of AIB uptake. In addition, calphostin C (a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C), but not H89 (a specific inhibitor of protein kinase A), inhibited the IGF‐1 action. This study further characterizes regulated amino acid uptake by the human placental trophoblasts and demonstrates that the Na+‐dependent component of AIB uptake is stimulated by physiologic concentrations of IGF‐1. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss Inc.
Journal of Cellular Physiology – Wiley
Published: Oct 1, 1995
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