Influence of Flexibility on the Separation of Chiral Isomers in STW‐Type Zeolite

Influence of Flexibility on the Separation of Chiral Isomers in STW‐Type Zeolite Molecular simulation, through the computation of adsorption isotherms, is a useful predictive tool for the selective capacity of nanoporous materials. Generally, adsorbents are modelled as rigid frameworks, as opposed to allowing for vibrations of the lattice, and this approximation is assumed to have negligible impact on adsorption. In this work, this approach was tested in an especially challenging system by computing the adsorption of the chiral molecules 2‐pentanol, 2‐methylbutanol and 3‐methyl‐2‐butanol in the all‐silica and germanosilicate chiral zeolites STW and studying their lattice vibrations upon adsorption. The analysis of single‐ and multicomponent adsorption isotherms showed the suitability of STW‐type zeolites as molecular sieves for chiral separation processes, which pose a challenging task in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Moreover, new experimental adsorption data validate the force field employed. The results reveal that the lattice vibrations of the all‐silica framework are sorbate‐independent, while those of germanosilicate STW show host–guest coupling modulated by uptake and sorbate type that disrupts the chiral recognition sites. This study indicates that the effects of intrinsic flexibility on the selective capacity of nanoporous materials may range from low to high impact, and some of them could not have been foreseen even after examination of the structural dynamics of an empty framework. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Chemistry - A European Journal Wiley

Influence of Flexibility on the Separation of Chiral Isomers in STW‐Type Zeolite

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN
0947-6539
eISSN
1521-3765
D.O.I.
10.1002/chem.201705627
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Molecular simulation, through the computation of adsorption isotherms, is a useful predictive tool for the selective capacity of nanoporous materials. Generally, adsorbents are modelled as rigid frameworks, as opposed to allowing for vibrations of the lattice, and this approximation is assumed to have negligible impact on adsorption. In this work, this approach was tested in an especially challenging system by computing the adsorption of the chiral molecules 2‐pentanol, 2‐methylbutanol and 3‐methyl‐2‐butanol in the all‐silica and germanosilicate chiral zeolites STW and studying their lattice vibrations upon adsorption. The analysis of single‐ and multicomponent adsorption isotherms showed the suitability of STW‐type zeolites as molecular sieves for chiral separation processes, which pose a challenging task in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Moreover, new experimental adsorption data validate the force field employed. The results reveal that the lattice vibrations of the all‐silica framework are sorbate‐independent, while those of germanosilicate STW show host–guest coupling modulated by uptake and sorbate type that disrupts the chiral recognition sites. This study indicates that the effects of intrinsic flexibility on the selective capacity of nanoporous materials may range from low to high impact, and some of them could not have been foreseen even after examination of the structural dynamics of an empty framework.

Journal

Chemistry - A European JournalWiley

Published: Jan 15, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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