To provide insight into pharmacological treatment of hyperuricemia we developed a semi‐mechanistic, dynamical model of uric acid (UA) disposition in human. Our model represents the hyperuricemic state in terms of production of UA (rate, PUA), its renal filtration (glomerular filtration rate, GFR) and proximal tubular reabsorption (fractional excretion coefficient, FE). Model parameters were estimated using data from 9 Phase I studies of xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI) allopurinol and febuxostat and a novel uricosuric, the selective UA reabsorption inhibitor lesinurad, approved for use in combination with a XOI. The model was qualified for prediction of the effect of patients' GFR and FE on concentration of UA in serum (sUA) and UA excretion in urine and their response to drug treatment, using data from 2 Phase I and 4 Phase III studies of lesinurad. Percent reduction in sUA from baseline by a XOI is predicted to be independent of GFR, FE or PUA. Uricosurics are more effective in underexcreters of UA or patients with normal GFR. Co‐administration of a XOI and an uricosuric agent should be considered for patients with high sUA first in the treatment algorithm of gout before uptitration of XOI. The XOI dose in combination with a uricosuric can be reduced compared to XOI alone for the same target sUA to the degree dependent on patient's GFR and FE. This exposure‐response model of UA can be used to rationally select the best drug treatment option to lower elevated sUA in gout patients under differing pathophysiological situations.
Physiological Reports – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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