IntroductionSince 1981, malignant neoplasms have been the leading cause of death in Japan, and their number of deaths in 2015 was 370 346 (304.6 per 100 000 population, 28.7% of all deaths). Among them, lung cancer becomes the most common cause of death in men while colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common in women since 2003. Meanwhile, CRC is the third leading cause in men.In June of 2007 in Japan, Basic Plans to Promote Cancer Control were formulated based on the Cancer Control Act (Act No. 98 of 2006, MHLW), and these plans set the framework for measures to be administered, such as cancer screening for all people over 40s and cancer registration system. Cancer screening aims to decrease the number of cancer deaths by performing early detection and treatment. However, the rates of cancer screening were very low: only 16.1% for lung cancer (14.1% for men, 17.4% for women), 9.3% for stomach cancer (8.6% for men, 9.8% for women), and 19.2% for CRC (16.3% for men, 21.3% for women) of the population aged above 40 years in 2014.Furthermore, the examination rate by colonoscopy after receiving positive results of fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) screening in 2012 was 64.4% in Japan
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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