Importance of the RpoE Regulon in Maintaining the Lipid Bilayer during Antimicrobial Treatment with the Polycationic Agent, Chlorhexidine

Importance of the RpoE Regulon in Maintaining the Lipid Bilayer during Antimicrobial Treatment... The emergence of multidrug resistance in bacteria has reached alarming levels. To solve this growing problem, discovery of novel cellular targets or pathways important for antimicrobial resistance is urgently needed. In this study, we explored how the alternative sigma factor, RpoE, protects Escherichia coli O157 against the toxic effects of the polycationic antimicrobial agent, chlorhexidine (CHX). Susceptibility of this organism to CHX was found to directly correlate to the growth rate, with the faster replicating wild‐type being more susceptible to CHX than its more slowly replicating ΔrpoE O157 mutant. Once the wild‐type and rpoE mutant strains had undergone growth arrest (entered the stationary growth phase), their resistance to CHX became entirely dependent on the functionality of RpoE. The RpoE regulon plays a critical role in maintaining the integrity of the asymmetric lipid bilayer of E. coli, thereby preventing the intracellular accumulation of CHX. Finally, using a single‐cell, high‐resolution, synchrotron‐based approach, we discovered a subpopulation of the rpoE mutant strain with no detectable intracellular CHX, a predominant characteristic of the wild‐type CHX‐resistant population. This finding reveals a role of phenotypic heterogeneity in antimicrobial resistance. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Proteomics Wiley

Importance of the RpoE Regulon in Maintaining the Lipid Bilayer during Antimicrobial Treatment with the Polycationic Agent, Chlorhexidine

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN
1615-9853
eISSN
1615-9861
D.O.I.
10.1002/pmic.201700285
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The emergence of multidrug resistance in bacteria has reached alarming levels. To solve this growing problem, discovery of novel cellular targets or pathways important for antimicrobial resistance is urgently needed. In this study, we explored how the alternative sigma factor, RpoE, protects Escherichia coli O157 against the toxic effects of the polycationic antimicrobial agent, chlorhexidine (CHX). Susceptibility of this organism to CHX was found to directly correlate to the growth rate, with the faster replicating wild‐type being more susceptible to CHX than its more slowly replicating ΔrpoE O157 mutant. Once the wild‐type and rpoE mutant strains had undergone growth arrest (entered the stationary growth phase), their resistance to CHX became entirely dependent on the functionality of RpoE. The RpoE regulon plays a critical role in maintaining the integrity of the asymmetric lipid bilayer of E. coli, thereby preventing the intracellular accumulation of CHX. Finally, using a single‐cell, high‐resolution, synchrotron‐based approach, we discovered a subpopulation of the rpoE mutant strain with no detectable intracellular CHX, a predominant characteristic of the wild‐type CHX‐resistant population. This finding reveals a role of phenotypic heterogeneity in antimicrobial resistance.

Journal

ProteomicsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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