Identification of a novel RPGRIP1 mutation in an Iranian family with leber congenital amaurosis by exome sequencing

Identification of a novel RPGRIP1 mutation in an Iranian family with leber congenital amaurosis... Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a heterogeneous, early‐onset inherited retinal dystrophy, which is associated with severe visual impairment. We aimed to determine the disease‐causing variants in Iranian LCA and evaluate the clinical implications. Clinically, a possible LCA disease was found through diagnostic imaging, such as fundus photography, autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography. All affected patients showed typical eye symptoms associated with LCA including narrow arterioles, blindness, pigmentary changes and nystagmus. Target exome sequencing was performed to analyse the proband DNA. A homozygous novel c. 2889delT  (p.P963 fs) mutation in the RPGRIP1 gene was identified, which was likely the deleterious and pathogenic mutation in the proband. Structurally, this mutation lost a retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR)‐interacting domain at the C‐terminus which most likely impaired stability in the RPGRIP1 with the distribution of polarised proteins in the cilium connecting process. Sanger sequencing showed complete co‐segregation  in this pedigree. This study provides compelling evidence that the c. 2889delT  (p.P963 fs) mutation in the RPGRIP1 gene works as a pathogenic mutation that contributes to the progression of LCA. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine
ISSN
1582-1838
eISSN
1582-4934
D.O.I.
10.1111/jcmm.13454
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a heterogeneous, early‐onset inherited retinal dystrophy, which is associated with severe visual impairment. We aimed to determine the disease‐causing variants in Iranian LCA and evaluate the clinical implications. Clinically, a possible LCA disease was found through diagnostic imaging, such as fundus photography, autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography. All affected patients showed typical eye symptoms associated with LCA including narrow arterioles, blindness, pigmentary changes and nystagmus. Target exome sequencing was performed to analyse the proband DNA. A homozygous novel c. 2889delT  (p.P963 fs) mutation in the RPGRIP1 gene was identified, which was likely the deleterious and pathogenic mutation in the proband. Structurally, this mutation lost a retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR)‐interacting domain at the C‐terminus which most likely impaired stability in the RPGRIP1 with the distribution of polarised proteins in the cilium connecting process. Sanger sequencing showed complete co‐segregation  in this pedigree. This study provides compelling evidence that the c. 2889delT  (p.P963 fs) mutation in the RPGRIP1 gene works as a pathogenic mutation that contributes to the progression of LCA.

Journal

Journal of Cellular and Molecular MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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