Therapeutic agents are urgently needed for treating metastatic castration‐refractory prostate cancer (mCRPC) that is unresponsive to androgen deprivation and chemotherapy. Our screening assays demonstrated that chemotherapy‐resistant prostate cancer (PCa) cells are more sensitive to HDAC inhibitors than paired sensitive PCa cells, as demonstrated by cell proliferation and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Kinetic study revealed that TSA‐induced apoptosis was significantly dependent on enhanced transcription and protein synthesis in an early stage, which subsequently caused ER stress and apoptosis. ChIP analysis indicated that TSA increased H4K16 acetylation, promoting ER stress gene transcription. The changes in Ac‐H4K16, ATF3 and ATF4 were also validated in TSA‐treated animals. Further study revealed the higher enzyme activity of HDACs and an increase in acetylated proteins in resistant cells. The higher nucleocytoplasmic acetyl‐CoA in resistant cells was responsible for elevated acetylation status of protein and a more vigorous growth state. These results strongly support the pre‐clinical application of HDAC inhibitors for treating chemotherapy‐resistant mCRPC.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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