Hyper‐acetylation contributes to the sensitivity of chemo‐resistant prostate cancer cells to histone deacetylase inhibitor Trichostatin A

Hyper‐acetylation contributes to the sensitivity of chemo‐resistant prostate cancer cells to... Therapeutic agents are urgently needed for treating metastatic castration‐refractory prostate cancer (mCRPC) that is unresponsive to androgen deprivation and chemotherapy. Our screening assays demonstrated that chemotherapy‐resistant prostate cancer (PCa) cells are more sensitive to HDAC inhibitors than paired sensitive PCa cells, as demonstrated by cell proliferation and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Kinetic study revealed that TSA‐induced apoptosis was significantly dependent on enhanced transcription and protein synthesis in an early stage, which subsequently caused ER stress and apoptosis. ChIP analysis indicated that TSA increased H4K16 acetylation, promoting ER stress gene transcription. The changes in Ac‐H4K16, ATF3 and ATF4 were also validated in TSA‐treated animals. Further study revealed the higher enzyme activity of HDACs and an increase in acetylated proteins in resistant cells. The higher nucleocytoplasmic acetyl‐CoA in resistant cells was responsible for elevated acetylation status of protein and a more vigorous growth state. These results strongly support the pre‐clinical application of HDAC inhibitors for treating chemotherapy‐resistant mCRPC. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine Wiley

Hyper‐acetylation contributes to the sensitivity of chemo‐resistant prostate cancer cells to histone deacetylase inhibitor Trichostatin A

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine
ISSN
1582-1838
eISSN
1582-4934
D.O.I.
10.1111/jcmm.13475
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Therapeutic agents are urgently needed for treating metastatic castration‐refractory prostate cancer (mCRPC) that is unresponsive to androgen deprivation and chemotherapy. Our screening assays demonstrated that chemotherapy‐resistant prostate cancer (PCa) cells are more sensitive to HDAC inhibitors than paired sensitive PCa cells, as demonstrated by cell proliferation and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Kinetic study revealed that TSA‐induced apoptosis was significantly dependent on enhanced transcription and protein synthesis in an early stage, which subsequently caused ER stress and apoptosis. ChIP analysis indicated that TSA increased H4K16 acetylation, promoting ER stress gene transcription. The changes in Ac‐H4K16, ATF3 and ATF4 were also validated in TSA‐treated animals. Further study revealed the higher enzyme activity of HDACs and an increase in acetylated proteins in resistant cells. The higher nucleocytoplasmic acetyl‐CoA in resistant cells was responsible for elevated acetylation status of protein and a more vigorous growth state. These results strongly support the pre‐clinical application of HDAC inhibitors for treating chemotherapy‐resistant mCRPC.

Journal

Journal of Cellular and Molecular MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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