HUMAN OBSERVING: MAINTAINED BY STIMULI CORRELATED WITH REINFORCEMENT BUT NOT EXTINCTION

HUMAN OBSERVING: MAINTAINED BY STIMULI CORRELATED WITH REINFORCEMENT BUT NOT EXTINCTION College students received points exchangeable for money (reinforcement) on a variable‐time 60‐second schedule that alternated randomly with an extinction component. Subjects were informed that responding would not influence either the rate or distribution of reinforcement. Instead, presses on either of two levers (“observing responses”) produced stimuli. In each of four experiments, stimuli positively correlated with reinforcement and/or stimuli uncorrelated with reinforcement were each chosen over stimuli correlated with extinction. These results are consistent with prior results from pigeons in supporting the conditioned‐reinforcement hypothesis of observing and in not supporting the uncertainty‐reduction hypothesis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Wiley

HUMAN OBSERVING: MAINTAINED BY STIMULI CORRELATED WITH REINFORCEMENT BUT NOT EXTINCTION

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
1983 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
ISSN
0022-5002
eISSN
1938-3711
DOI
10.1901/jeab.1983.40-193
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

College students received points exchangeable for money (reinforcement) on a variable‐time 60‐second schedule that alternated randomly with an extinction component. Subjects were informed that responding would not influence either the rate or distribution of reinforcement. Instead, presses on either of two levers (“observing responses”) produced stimuli. In each of four experiments, stimuli positively correlated with reinforcement and/or stimuli uncorrelated with reinforcement were each chosen over stimuli correlated with extinction. These results are consistent with prior results from pigeons in supporting the conditioned‐reinforcement hypothesis of observing and in not supporting the uncertainty‐reduction hypothesis.

Journal

Journal of the Experimental Analysis of BehaviorWiley

Published: Sep 1, 1983

References

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