HeadlinesDiabetes mellitus and obesity are two‐to‐three times more prevalent in individuals with ID or autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Primary health care needs to screen for pre‐diabetes and hypertension in individuals with ID or ASD.Primary health care needs to pay early attention to weight gain and initiate prevention strategies to hinder obesity and its consequences.BackgroundFrom a young age, overweight and obesity are reported to be more prevalent in persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) than in the general population (GP) (Hove ; Melville et al. ; Emerson ; Lloyd et al. ). This may be partly attributed to specific syndromes and elevated prescriptions of psychotropic medication known to contribute to obesity (Melville et al. ). However, the nature and extent of health inequalities experienced by individuals with IDs are well known (Emerson et al. ). Type 2 diabetes and hypertension are common in overweight and obese individuals (Haslam & James ). Type 2 diabetes is also more common among people with a previous diagnosis of hypertension (Lastra et al. ). Both type 2 diabetes and hypertension are preventable with healthier lifestyle choices, including less sedentary time, increased physical activity and healthier food (Wilmot et al. ). Evidence‐based preventive strategies targeting individuals with
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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