High prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and obesity among persons with a recorded diagnosis of intellectual disability or autism spectrum disorder

High prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and obesity among persons with a recorded... HeadlinesDiabetes mellitus and obesity are two‐to‐three times more prevalent in individuals with ID or autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Primary health care needs to screen for pre‐diabetes and hypertension in individuals with ID or ASD.Primary health care needs to pay early attention to weight gain and initiate prevention strategies to hinder obesity and its consequences.BackgroundFrom a young age, overweight and obesity are reported to be more prevalent in persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) than in the general population (GP) (Hove ; Melville et al. ; Emerson ; Lloyd et al. ). This may be partly attributed to specific syndromes and elevated prescriptions of psychotropic medication known to contribute to obesity (Melville et al. ). However, the nature and extent of health inequalities experienced by individuals with IDs are well known (Emerson et al. ). Type 2 diabetes and hypertension are common in overweight and obese individuals (Haslam & James ). Type 2 diabetes is also more common among people with a previous diagnosis of hypertension (Lastra et al. ). Both type 2 diabetes and hypertension are preventable with healthier lifestyle choices, including less sedentary time, increased physical activity and healthier food (Wilmot et al. ). Evidence‐based preventive strategies targeting individuals with http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Intellectual Disability Research Wiley

High prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and obesity among persons with a recorded diagnosis of intellectual disability or autism spectrum disorder

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
0964-2633
eISSN
1365-2788
D.O.I.
10.1111/jir.12462
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

HeadlinesDiabetes mellitus and obesity are two‐to‐three times more prevalent in individuals with ID or autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Primary health care needs to screen for pre‐diabetes and hypertension in individuals with ID or ASD.Primary health care needs to pay early attention to weight gain and initiate prevention strategies to hinder obesity and its consequences.BackgroundFrom a young age, overweight and obesity are reported to be more prevalent in persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) than in the general population (GP) (Hove ; Melville et al. ; Emerson ; Lloyd et al. ). This may be partly attributed to specific syndromes and elevated prescriptions of psychotropic medication known to contribute to obesity (Melville et al. ). However, the nature and extent of health inequalities experienced by individuals with IDs are well known (Emerson et al. ). Type 2 diabetes and hypertension are common in overweight and obese individuals (Haslam & James ). Type 2 diabetes is also more common among people with a previous diagnosis of hypertension (Lastra et al. ). Both type 2 diabetes and hypertension are preventable with healthier lifestyle choices, including less sedentary time, increased physical activity and healthier food (Wilmot et al. ). Evidence‐based preventive strategies targeting individuals with

Journal

Journal of Intellectual Disability ResearchWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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