Health risks associated with overweight and obesity

Health risks associated with overweight and obesity Background Overweight and obesity cause or exacerbate a large number of health problems, both independently and in association with other diseases, and are among the most significant contributors to ill health (1–4 ). Risks and diseases associated with increasing body weight ( Table 1 ) 1 Health risks associated with increasing Body Mass Index (BMI) Metabolic syndrome 30% of middle‐aged people in developed countries have features of metabolic syndrome Type 2 diabetes 90% of type 2 diabetics have a body mass index (BMI) of >23 kg m −2 Hypertension 5× risk in obesity 66% of hypertension is linked to excess weight 85% of hypertension is associated with a BMI >25 kg m −2 Coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke 3.6× risk of CAD for each unit change in BMI Dyslipidaemia progressively develops as BMI increases from 21 kg m −2 with rise in small particle low‐density lipoprotein 70% of obese women with hypertension have left ventricular hypertrophy Obesity is a contributing factor to cardiac failure in >10% of patients Overweight/obesity plus hypertension is associated with increased risk of ischaemic stroke Respiratory effects Neck circumference of >43 cm in men and >40.5 cm in women is associated with obstructive http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Obesity Reviews Wiley

Health risks associated with overweight and obesity

Obesity Reviews, Volume 8 – Mar 1, 2007

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
"Copyright © 2007 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company"
ISSN
1467-7881
eISSN
1467-789X
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00311.x
pmid
17316295
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Overweight and obesity cause or exacerbate a large number of health problems, both independently and in association with other diseases, and are among the most significant contributors to ill health (1–4 ). Risks and diseases associated with increasing body weight ( Table 1 ) 1 Health risks associated with increasing Body Mass Index (BMI) Metabolic syndrome 30% of middle‐aged people in developed countries have features of metabolic syndrome Type 2 diabetes 90% of type 2 diabetics have a body mass index (BMI) of >23 kg m −2 Hypertension 5× risk in obesity 66% of hypertension is linked to excess weight 85% of hypertension is associated with a BMI >25 kg m −2 Coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke 3.6× risk of CAD for each unit change in BMI Dyslipidaemia progressively develops as BMI increases from 21 kg m −2 with rise in small particle low‐density lipoprotein 70% of obese women with hypertension have left ventricular hypertrophy Obesity is a contributing factor to cardiac failure in >10% of patients Overweight/obesity plus hypertension is associated with increased risk of ischaemic stroke Respiratory effects Neck circumference of >43 cm in men and >40.5 cm in women is associated with obstructive

Journal

Obesity ReviewsWiley

Published: Mar 1, 2007

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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