INTRODUCTIONPatient safety in the intensive care unit (ICU) is considered an important challenge around the globe. The ICU is a demanding environment compared with other units in a hospital due to the complexity of patient illnesses and treatment required (Baruch & Messer, ). Therefore, a consequence of this is the possibility of increased medical errors in the ICU (Garrouste‐Orgeas & Valentin, ). Failure to provide quality care for patient led to an estimated 440,000 deaths annually in the USA alone, mostly due to preventable hospital errors (James, ). In addition, around 1.3 million patients worldwide per year are injured and over 100,000 deaths were attributed to adverse hospital events (Scott, Rogers, Hwang, & Zhang, ). Adverse events in ICUs are common, serious, complex and preventable. Among 400 patients in one ICU, around 20% had an adverse event and 50% of these were preventable (Needham, ). In the Saudi Arabia health care system there were a reported 25,000 medical errors between 2001 and 2006. However, these errors were not broken down into specific locations and there is no literature available on safety issues and adverse events in ICUs in Saudi Arabia (Aboshaiqah & Baker, ).Indeed, adverse events and a poor
Journal of Nursing Management – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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