This study investigated the effects of Golgi membrane protein 73 (GP73) on the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and on bladder cancer cell invasion and metastasis through the TGF‐β1/Smad2 signalling pathway. Paired bladder cancer and adjacent tissue samples (102) and normal bladder tissue samples (106) were obtained. Bladder cancer cell lines (T24, 5637, RT4, 253J and J82) were selected and assigned to blank, negative control (NC), TGF‐β, thrombospondin‐1 (TSP‐1), TGF‐β1+ TSP‐1, GP73‐siRNA‐1, GP73‐siRNA‐2, GP73‐siRNA‐1+ TSP‐1, GP73‐siRNA‐1+ pcDNA‐GP73, WT1‐siRNA and WT1‐siRNA + GP73‐siRNA‐1 groups. Expressions of GP73, TGF‐β1, Smad2, p‐Smad2, E‐cadherin and vimentin were detected using RT‐qPCR and Western blotting. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were determined using MTT assay, scratch testing and Transwell assay, respectively. Compared with the blank and NC groups, levels of GP73, TGF‐β1, Smad2, p‐Smad2, N‐cadherin and vimentin decreased, and levels of WT1 and E‐cadherin increased in the GP73‐siRNA‐1 and GP73‐siRNA‐2 groups, while the opposite results were observed in the WT1 siRNA, TGF‐β, TSP‐1 and TGF‐β + TSP‐1 groups. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion notably decreased in the GP73‐siRNA‐1 and GP73‐siRNA‐2 groups in comparison with the blank and NC groups, while in the WT1 siRNA, TGF‐β, TSP‐1 and TGF‐β + TSP‐1 groups, cell migration, invasion and proliferation showed the reduction after the EMT. These results suggest that GP73 promotes bladder cancer invasion and metastasis by inducing the EMT through down‐regulating WT1 levels and activating the TGF‐β1/Smad2 signalling pathway.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera