This study investigated the effects of Golgi membrane protein 73 (GP73) on the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and on bladder cancer cell invasion and metastasis through the TGF‐β1/Smad2 signalling pathway. Paired bladder cancer and adjacent tissue samples (102) and normal bladder tissue samples (106) were obtained. Bladder cancer cell lines (T24, 5637, RT4, 253J and J82) were selected and assigned to blank, negative control (NC), TGF‐β, thrombospondin‐1 (TSP‐1), TGF‐β1+ TSP‐1, GP73‐siRNA‐1, GP73‐siRNA‐2, GP73‐siRNA‐1+ TSP‐1, GP73‐siRNA‐1+ pcDNA‐GP73, WT1‐siRNA and WT1‐siRNA + GP73‐siRNA‐1 groups. Expressions of GP73, TGF‐β1, Smad2, p‐Smad2, E‐cadherin and vimentin were detected using RT‐qPCR and Western blotting. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were determined using MTT assay, scratch testing and Transwell assay, respectively. Compared with the blank and NC groups, levels of GP73, TGF‐β1, Smad2, p‐Smad2, N‐cadherin and vimentin decreased, and levels of WT1 and E‐cadherin increased in the GP73‐siRNA‐1 and GP73‐siRNA‐2 groups, while the opposite results were observed in the WT1 siRNA, TGF‐β, TSP‐1 and TGF‐β + TSP‐1 groups. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion notably decreased in the GP73‐siRNA‐1 and GP73‐siRNA‐2 groups in comparison with the blank and NC groups, while in the WT1 siRNA, TGF‐β, TSP‐1 and TGF‐β + TSP‐1 groups, cell migration, invasion and proliferation showed the reduction after the EMT. These results suggest that GP73 promotes bladder cancer invasion and metastasis by inducing the EMT through down‐regulating WT1 levels and activating the TGF‐β1/Smad2 signalling pathway.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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